How Children Are Taught To Read

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There's a long standing and sometimes heated debate in educational circles about the best way of teaching reading.
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There are 2 main approaches....
that are used within British Classrooms
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Fomerly: The Look and Say
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Whole Word Approach - more popular
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The Literacy Hour
From Sept 98 The 18,500 English State Primary Schools were required to teach reading and writing in a highly structured manner. Insisting that phonetics come first.
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The policy introduced?
Teachers To Teach
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The name for a unit of sound in language e.g. F, Fit, Cou(gh)
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Written symbol letter of combination of letters that is used to represent a phoneme e.g. the 'f' phoneme has a number of different graphemes - f, ph, gh
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Look And Say
Children taught to recognise shape of word.
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Look And Say
Children taught to identify words by memorising the shape instead of breaking them down into graphemes/phonemes
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Look And Say
Breaking them down into graphemes/phonemes
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Look And Say
Involves flashcards related picture and indivdual sounds
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Look And Say
Help children to link objectives to words
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Older readers don't depend on phonemic which can slow readers down as the text gets longer
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This allows children to get used to using contextual and textual clues to assist their reading.
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No real system to the learning process
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Child relies on adult support when they get stuck on a word
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Children learn different sounds by different letters and letter blends and some rules of putting them together.
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Empahsis is on developing phonological awareness
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Hearing and replicating sounds in spoken words.
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Teaches children how to connect the sounds of spoken English
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Encourages gradual development
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Analytic Phonics
Break down whole words into phonemes + graphemes - looking for patterns - seperating them into smaller units - use rhyme or analogy to decode words with patterns
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Synthetics Phonics
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Theorist: Skinner
Views about reinforcement link to literacy acquisition as well as language acquisition
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Skinner's Reinforcement Theory
His view that PR aids learning is evident in the way that parents and teachers correct children's language
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Skinner's Reinforcement Theory 2
He would recomend positively reinforcing when children get words right rather than being negative and correcting them to often.
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Card 2


There are 2 main approaches....


that are used within British Classrooms

Card 3




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Card 4




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Card 5


The Literacy Hour


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