How to deal with ethical issues?

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Initially, What do researchers use?
the right to withdraw
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why?
in order to protect pps from harm
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If a pp feels that they no longer wish to takw part in a study or ?
they would like to remove thier results
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What do they have a right to ask for them?
to be removed at any stage
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For example, what did Zimbardo allow?
5 prisoners to withdraw early from his prison study
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when he realised the harm the pps were experiencing, what did he stop?
the research early on the 6th day
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In addition this study was only a?
role play so no deception occured
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However, one could argue that pps in his study were what?
still exposed to psychological distress during the study
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Researchers have to get?
Prior general consent and or presumptive consent
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When they have not given?
fully informed consent
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for example, Milgram got what?
the consent of his pps to take part in a general study and he told them they might be misled about its aim
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He also asked other 'reasonable people' what?
whether they thought the study was acceptable
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What did they say?
yes so he went ahead (presumptive consent)
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However, one could argue that these methods what?
do not justify the lack of informed consent from the actual human pps involved in the research
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particularly when?
psychologists find it hard to estiamate the potential effects on pps before the study begins
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what did Milgram predict?
only 0-3% of pps would obey
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Researchers also use what?
ethical committees and guidelines
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when what?
designing their study to overcome potential ethical dilemmas and to measure potential costs and benefits
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For example, what will Loftus have followed?
ethical guidelines and reduced potential distress when viewing accidents by shortening her clips to under a minute
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In addition both Milgram and Zimbardo had whatassessed?
potenital costs by committees before the research began
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However, the problem still remains thatwhat?
reliable cost benefit analyses are flawed, as they are based on subjective judgements
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What do ethical guidelines hold?
very little weight in regards to punishment as they are not legally binding
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What do researchers often use?
debriefing to over come deception
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What do they tell their pps the aim of?
research after the study is over
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for example, What did Milgram tell his pps?
the shocks were fake and that he was studying obedience to obey authority when the research was finished
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However what could one argue?
that not doing this after the event does not justify the extreme levels of deceptions involved
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Ins ome psychological research, as not knowing the true aim means what?
pps can stil experience harm whilst taking part
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

why?

Back

in order to protect pps from harm

Card 3

Front

If a pp feels that they no longer wish to takw part in a study or ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do they have a right to ask for them?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

For example, what did Zimbardo allow?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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