How P+IR Count Notes

What is the Unit of measurement?
The objects your variables describes
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What is validity?
How well the measure represents the true construct
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Whats the difference between qualitative and quantitative?
Quantitative is the numbers qualitative is not
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What is ope rationalization?
Turning a construct into a measure
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Whats the difference between a manifest construct and a latent construct?
Latent cannot be directly observed
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What is a case?
Each individual example of a unit of observation
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What is a unit of observation?
What is being collected
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What is positivism?
Social science using natural sciences
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What is descriptive?
The goal is to provide an accurate description of the way the world is
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What is empirical?
Seeks to develop a statement on what the world could be
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What is the level of measurement?
The difference between variables
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What is a realist?
What the concept means
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What is nominalist?
Literal approach to the wording
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What is operationalization?
The process of moving from 'conceptualized constructs' to actual measurements
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What is conceptualization?
The process of creating mental categories that capture the meaning of objects, events or ideas
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How do you make a concept travel and not stretch?
Add subtypes, precising, shifting the concept
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What are the measures of central tendency?
Mean, mode and median
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What is an ordinal measurement?
Order of rank
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What is a nominal/categorical measurement?
Categories
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What is an interval measurement?
There is a meaningful distance between the numbers
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What is a ratio measurement?
Same as an interval but with a 0
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What does the unit of analysis refer to?
Whatever the variable describes (e.g. people, cases)
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What does the electoral democracy index measure?
Rulers responsiveness
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What does the Liberal democracy index measure?
Individual rights
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What does Egalitarian measure?
Material and inmaterial inequalities
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What does participatory measure?
Citizens participation
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What does deliberative measure?
How decisions are reached into policy
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Democracy can be conceptualized as what?
Competition, balance and participation
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What are the 4 democracy indices?
V-Dem, Democracy dictatorship, polity IV, freedom house
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What is the Human Development Index?
A summary measure of average achievement in key areas
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What groups does Human Development Index use?
Very high (0.800+), High (0.700-0.799) Medium (0.550-0.699), Low (Below 0.550)
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What are possible causes for Civil War?
Income inequality, history of war, lack of democracy
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How can ethnic competition cause violence?
Segmentation of a large sample of the population, lots of ethnic elites given power, short history of direct rule
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What are the 4 v's?
Volume, veracity, validity, velocity
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What are the opportunities from datafication?
Learn behavior patterns, improve efficiency
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What are the challenges from datafication?
How to capture, store, analyse and represent this so it is actionable
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What are the issues with big data collection?
Ethical?, hard to legislate
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is validity?

Back

How well the measure represents the true construct

Card 3

Front

Whats the difference between qualitative and quantitative?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is ope rationalization?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Whats the difference between a manifest construct and a latent construct?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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