How far was Heinrich Bruning responsible for the death of the Weimar Republic?

  • Created by: LucyLaa
  • Created on: 20-05-18 14:02
Why did Bruning's economic conservatism lead to his popularity sinking before the Sept 1930 elections?
Unpopular due to cuts in government expenditure - mainly unemployment benefits
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Why was he able to hold onto the Chancellorship after the elections?
Still had support of Hindenburg, the government and was being 'tolerated' by SPD -> rather him than Hitler or KPD
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Why can his continuation as Chancellor be seen as the beginning of the en for WR's democratic foundations?
Example of democracy giving way to 'presidential government' -> use of Article 48
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What policies did Bruning follow as Chancellor?
Balance the budget by: Cuting spending and raising taxes. Also, cancelled reparations
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What were the outcomes of his policies?
Increased unemployment, but decline in Welfare State Pension and no public works introduced
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What was the result of the Spring 1932 Presidential election?
Hindenburg re-elected (only due to alternatives) and NSDAP vote doubled (36.8%)
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How could the results of the election be linked to Bruning?
The Banking Crisis; Land Reform (Junker estates -> allotments); Political Intrigue
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How was Bruning responsible for bringing Hitler to power?
Increased support for NSDAP; Actions in land reform caused more right-wing intrigue; Pushed people away from centre parties through failure to introduce public works.
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Who were the individuals involved in the politcal intrigue?
Bruning, Von Schleicher, Von Papen, Hitler
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How was Von Papen responsible for undermining democracy?
His 'Cabinet of Barons' went against democracy; Coup against Prussia eliminated the threat of SPD; Used Article 48; 'Vote of no confindence' was overruled by VP and he undermined fair trial
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How was Von Paper responsible for bringing Hitler to power?
Used intrigue to promote Hitler to Chancellor; Dissolution of Reichstag and allowing the ** and SA meant Nazi votes skyrocketed; Caused elections
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How was Von Schleicher responsible for undermining democracy?
Gained support from political left, but didn't undermine democracy directly.
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How was VS responsible for bringing Hitler to power?
Used political intrigue to place VP as Chancellor; Appointment of Strasser exacerbated disagreements in Nazi Party, causing a split (Hitler retained Party loyalty); He was willing to make concessions to NSDAP and Hitler if he got involved in the gov.
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What were Von Schleicher's actions as Chancellor?
Suggested public works; appointed Strasser as Vice-Chancellor; Tried to create political stability; overused political intrigue
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Who could be seen as most responsible for the 'death' of Weimar democracy?
Bruning -> He exacerbated the economic situation and used Article 48, which undermined democracy.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Why was he able to hold onto the Chancellorship after the elections?

Back

Still had support of Hindenburg, the government and was being 'tolerated' by SPD -> rather him than Hitler or KPD

Card 3

Front

Why can his continuation as Chancellor be seen as the beginning of the en for WR's democratic foundations?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What policies did Bruning follow as Chancellor?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the outcomes of his policies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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