How did African Nationalism develop in 1948-59

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When was the ANC established and what initially for
They were esablished in 1912 initally to opposition to the union of South Africaa and were strongly opposed to the Natives land act
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When was the ANC youth league founded and what did it aim to do?
It was founded in 1944 and it helped to galvanise the movement into more radical action. They were inspired by the rise of global anti-colonial rhetoric and the confifdence of west africa
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Why did the youth league launch a programme of action, when did they launch it and why?
The POA was launched in 1949 as a result of apartheid. It argued for a more confrontational approach to white minority including boycotting, mass action and passive resistance
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What did they call for and what was their ideology
They called for an African consciousness nationalisam and united African people. They believed in self-determination but were not motivated by religious ideas
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Who was the Programme of action adopted by and what did they do
The ANC adopted the POA in 1949 and also moved to a more millitant liberation organisation.
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What did most ANC leaders believe
They believed in non-racialism and were in support of a fully democratic government
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Why did the communist party support african nationalistd
The communist party accepted it was unlikely to find mass suport among the black workers but worked with African nationalists to achieve first a democratic revolution giving non-whites rights so a social revolution can come after
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What was the strategy of the Defiance campaign
Their strategy was for a group of volunteers to break racially based restrictions.
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Who was the Defiance campaign influenced by
It was influnced by the ideas of non-violent civil disobedience promoted by the indian nationalist Gandhi
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How much had ANC support increased due to the Defiance campaign
From 4,00 members to 100,000
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When was the Womens league founded and what did it look to do
It was founded in 1948 and it looked to incorporate existing women's organisations into the ANC
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What was the freedom charter
In 1955 the congress alliance wrote a charter listing their core beliefs and thousands across south africa submitted suggestions on issues. The result (the freedom charer) was reveal in Soweto in 1955 and it echoed the language of freedom movements.
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Where were Africanists largely based
Johannesburg
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What idea did africanist promote
Africa for the Africans
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Who were the PAC's significant leaders
Robert Sobukwe and Portlake Leballo
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How did they differ from the ANC
They wanted more confrontational direct action, They believed in complete independence and implied the return of the land, they developed Pan africanist ideas and they thought non-africans were gaining to much influence on the congress movement.
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What external countries and leaders supported the PAC
Nkrumah and Toure from Ghana and Guinea
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Card 2

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When was the ANC youth league founded and what did it aim to do?

Back

It was founded in 1944 and it helped to galvanise the movement into more radical action. They were inspired by the rise of global anti-colonial rhetoric and the confifdence of west africa

Card 3

Front

Why did the youth league launch a programme of action, when did they launch it and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did they call for and what was their ideology

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was the Programme of action adopted by and what did they do

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