1. What does Fenton (1975) say about self-induced intoxication?
- Self induced intoxication cannot produce an abnormality of the mind. Intoxication is not an inherent cause
- Where self induced intoxication is the case, there must be a pre-existing history of alcohol dependency
- Alcoholism is not a valid condition where self induced intoxication is involving.
- If the taking of a first drink was not involuntary, then the whole of the drinking on that day is not involuntary and as such, the defence will fail due to self induced intoxication.
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2. In relation to D's substantial impairment of rational judgment, exercise of self control and understanding the nature of D's conduct, what does R v Lloyd (1967) say in regards to impairment?
- It is not a question for neither jury nor judge, but for that of a medical expert in the field to define whether the impairment was more than trivial
- It is a question for the jury - doesn't have to be total impairment but it must be more than trivial
- It must be considered that it has to be more than trivial but not necessarily that of total impairment or retardation of mental development
- It is a case of the severity of the impairment, insufficient impairment would not count towards a defence
3. What does Tandy  say about alcoholism giving rise to diminished responsibility?
- It's never a valid defence to be an alcoholic due to the support services available
- It is only capable if it either causes damage to the brain or produces an irresistible craving that consumption is involuntary
- It only becomes a valid defence when you drink habitually
- Defence fails if you are not medically recognised as being an alcoholic
4. What act covers the defence of 'Diminished Responsibility'?
- s.136 Mental Health Act 1990
- s.52 Coroners and Justice Act 2011
- s.52 Coroners and Justice Act 2009
- s.136 Mental Health Act 1983
5. What does s.55 CJA 2009 cover?
- Intoxication as a Defence
- Qualifying triggers
- Loss of Self Control
- Mental abnormalities