Quiz on the types of homicide in UK cirminal law.

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1. Under the legislation covering Diminished Responsibility, what can stop a murder conviction?

  • Abnormality of mental functioning which arose from a recognised medical condition.
  • Abnormality of mind which substantially impaired his mental responsibility for his acts and omissions in doing or being a party to the killing
  • Abnormality of mental functioning which removes D's logical reasoning to act in a way which the reasonable man would
  • Abnormality of mind (whether arising from a condition of arrrested or retarded development of mind or any inherent causes or induced by disease or injury)
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2. What act covers the defence of 'Diminished Responsibility'?

  • s.136 Mental Health Act 1990
  • s.52 Coroners and Justice Act 2011
  • s.52 Coroners and Justice Act 2009
  • s.136 Mental Health Act 1983

3. In relation to D's substantial impairment of rational judgment, exercise of self control and understanding the nature of D's conduct, what does R v Lloyd (1967) say in regards to impairment?

  • It must be considered that it has to be more than trivial but not necessarily that of total impairment or retardation of mental development
  • It is a question for the jury - doesn't have to be total impairment but it must be more than trivial
  • It is a case of the severity of the impairment, insufficient impairment would not count towards a defence
  • It is not a question for neither jury nor judge, but for that of a medical expert in the field to define whether the impairment was more than trivial

4. What is the Actus Reus of murder?

  • When life ends as a result of recklessness or an omission in the actions of D
  • Unlawful killing of a person in being
  • Taking a life without lawful justification by a reckless act

5. What is the Mens Rea of Murder?

  • Intention to kill or cause GBH (really serious harm)
  • With malice afterthought


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