Hofling et al.

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What year was the Hofling et al: 'Obedience in Hospitals' study?
1966
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What was the aim of the study?
To investigate doctor-nurse relationships - to see whether a nurse would be obedient to a doctor when asked to do something that goes against the rules of the workplace.
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Discuss the sample.
Stratified sampling. 22 ward nurses, the questionnaire was given to 12 graduate nurses and 21 student nurses.
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Where did the study take place?
In public and private hospitals across mid-west USA.
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When did the experiment stop?
When the nurses followed the instructions, or went to get advice, or became upset, or became unwilling.
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Describe the results.
21 nurses went to administer the medication. 11 said they knew of the drug guidelines but would give the drug anyway. 10/12 graduates said they wouldn't take the orders. All of the students said they wouldn't take the orders.
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Describe the conclusion.
Despite possibly endangering someones life, a nurse will obey a doctors orders even if they think they won't.
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What were the controls?
-the nurse was always alone on the ward. -doctor always read from a script over the phone. -the placebo medication was placed in the same cabinet on each ward. -same doctor on the phone.
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Evaluate the methodological strengths and weaknesses.
-field experiment so mundane realism. -lots of controls. -all of the nurses that answered the questionnaire agreed that situations like the study did sometimes arise, improving validity. -gender differences could have impacted results, so out of date
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Evaluate the ethical strengths and weaknesses.
-Ptps debriefed. -Ptps but under psychological harm. -Ptps could give no informed consent. -Ptps not really given the right to withdraw as they were unaware they were in the study.
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Card 2

Front

What was the aim of the study?

Back

To investigate doctor-nurse relationships - to see whether a nurse would be obedient to a doctor when asked to do something that goes against the rules of the workplace.

Card 3

Front

Discuss the sample.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Where did the study take place?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did the experiment stop?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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