Hitler's consolidation of power Nazi Germany

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What did Hitler change the name of the German Workers Party to in 1920?
National Socialist German Workers Party, called the Nazi Party for short.
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When was the beer hall putsch?
November 9th 1923
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Who assisted Hitler?
WWI hero General Ludendorf
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What did they proclaim?
that the current Weimar government had been overthrown
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How many seats did the Nazi Party occupy in 1932?
230, (37.3% of the popular vote) in the German Reichstag
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When was Hitler appointed chancellor and by whom?
30 January, 1933 by President Paul von Hindenburg
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When was the Reichstag fire?
27th February, 1933
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Who was arrested on suspicion of causing the fire?
Dutch communist Marinus van de Lubbe
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How did Hitler use this event in his favour?
To persuade people that the communists were planning an uprising. Hitler used the incident to persuade Hindenburg to restrict all individual rights and declare that the central government could oust any state government failing to maintain order.
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In the next 1933 election, how many seats did the Nazi party win?
43.9%
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What majority did any party need to win the election?
Two thirds.
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What did Hitler do in order to get a 2/3 majority? (2 reasons)
Formed an alliance with the Nationalist party and declared the communist party illegal
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When was the Enabling Act passed?
23 March 1933
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What power did the enabling act give Hitler?
Power to make decrees with the status of law and end elections.
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When was the day of Potsdam?
21 March 1933
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When was the Emergency decree signed (by Hindenburg) and what did it allow for?
28th February 1933, allowed for Nazi's to interfere with non-nazi elected representatives of the people by simply arresting them.
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What was the day of Potsdam?
paying respect to Hindenburg and celebrating the union of old Prussian military traditions and the new Nazi Reich.
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What was Hitler really plotting to do behind the day of Potsdam?
Hitler plotted to bring democracy to an end in Germany
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What did the day result in Hindenburg signing?
2 decrees; The first offered full pardons to all Nazis currently in prison. The second allowed for the arrest of anyone suspected of maliciously criticizing the government and the Nazi Party.
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What was Hitler's enabling act officially called and what did it end?
It was officially called the "Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich." If passed, it would in effect vote democracy out of existence in Germany and establish the legal dictatorship of Adolf Hitler.
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Where was the voting for the Enabling act held?
Kroll Opera house in Berlin
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What was the vote-count for and against the enabling act?
441 for, and only 84, the Social Democrats, against.
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What was Nazi Gleichschaltung which began after the passing of the Enabling act?
a massive coordination of all aspects of life under the swastika and the absolute leadership of Adolf Hitler.
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When was the local government reorganised?
26th April 1933
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What did this reorganisation consist of?
The country is carved up into 42 Gaus, which are run by a Gauleiter. These Gaus are separated into areas, localities and blocks of flats run by a Blockleiter. Hitler sets up the Gestapo.
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What happened on 2nd May 1933?
Trade unions are abolished and their leaders arrested.
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What happened on 20 June 1933?
Concordat - Hitler makes an agreement with the Pope who sees him as someone who can destroy communism. This agreement allows Hitler to take over political power in Germany as long as he leaves the Catholic Church alone.
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What happened on 14 July 1933?
Political parties are banned - only the Nazi party is allowed to exist.
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What happened on 24 April 1934?
People's Courts - Hitler sets up the Nazi people's courts where judges have to swear an oath of loyalty to the Nazis.
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When was the Night of the Long Knives?
30 June 1934
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Why did the Night of the Long Knives take place? (explain it)
some SA leaders are demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda, and that the SA take over the army. Hitler cannot afford to annoy the businessmen or the army, so the SS murders perhaps 400 of the SA members, including its leader Röh
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What does Hitler do on 19 Aug 1934?/ What happens on this date?
Führer - when Hindenburg dies, Hitler declares himself jointly president, chancellor and head of the army.
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Card 2

Front

When was the beer hall putsch?

Back

November 9th 1923

Card 3

Front

Who assisted Hitler?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did they proclaim?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How many seats did the Nazi Party occupy in 1932?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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