The rise of the Nazis - key facts

Key facts and judgements about the Nazis rise to power, Hitler's appointment as chancellor and their consolidation in 1933.

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What percentage of the vote did the Nazis gain in the 1930 election and how many seats did they receive?
18.3% of the vote, with 107 seats
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What percentage of the vote did the Nazis gain in the 1932 election?
37.3% of the vote, and with 230 seats they were the most popular party in the Reichstag
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What level was unemployment at by the end of 1933?
6 million, or 1 in 3 people
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By what percentage did national income reduce between 1929-1932?
39%
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What was the Nazis 'catch-all' manifesto and when was it made?
1920, it was a list of Nazi policies which were designed to appeal to a wide audience
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What was the name of Hitler's campaign to attract support by traveling accross the country?
'Hitler over Germany' It portrayed Hitler as a dynamic, innovative and modern leader
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Why could it be argued Hitler's talents were not the most important reason he was appointed chancellor?
There was an increase in Nazi votes across the country even in areas were Hitler didn't speak and propaganda wasn't shown
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Why did the elite of Germany convince Hindenburg to appoint Hitler chancellor?
They had began to fear a communist takeover and Hitler's promise of an authoritarian style government reminded them of their success under the Second Reich
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How could it be argued that the depression was more important than the elite in Hitler's appointment of chancellor?
It was Hitler's already built up popularity which made him noticable to the elite, and it was the depression which made him popular
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What organisations did Hitler set up as part of his re-organisation of the Nazi party?
The AA and the Hitler Youth. They presented the idea that the Nazis could form organised government
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Why could it be argued the depression was the most important factor in Hitler's appointment as chancellor?
It gave context to Nazi ideologies and made them more appealing to the population, meaning their popularity increased. Without this foundation people wouldn't have turned to extremism
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At what election was there a drop in Nazi votes and what percentage did they receive?
The November 1923 election. They gained 33% of the vote
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What was the 'Fuhrerprinzip?'
The Fuhrerprinzip was the principle that within the Nazi party, Hitler possessed all the power and authority
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How many votes did the Nazis receive in the May 1928 election and what percentage was this?
800,000 votes which was 2.7% of the vote (12 seats)
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What percentage of the vote did the Nazis gain in the March 1933 election?
43.5% of the vote
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In what way was legality important in the Nazis consolidation?
It gave legitimacy to their control and meant no one could question their position. However, much of the legislation was only passed due to intimidation of the Reichstag
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How many SPD members remianed in Germany after the party was banned and what happened to them?
3,000 remained and most were arrested or killed
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By the end of 1933, how many political opponents had been killed and how many were sent to concentration camps?
500 deemed enemies of the state were killed and a further 150,000 were sent to newly opened concentration camps
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By what date had all other politcal parties officially disbanded?
14th July 1933
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What freedoms were suspended by the Reichstag Fire decree?
Freedoms of speech, press and assembly were suspended, as well as habeas corpus, meaning people could be arrested and held indefinitely
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When was the Enabling Act passed and by how many votes?
24th March 1933. Hitler needed a two-thirds majority and it was passed by 444 votes to 94
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On what date were all trade unions shut down?
1st May 1933
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How many SA, SS and Stalhelm were appointed as auxiliary policemen in February 1933?
50,000
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When was the'Night of the Long Knives' and how many were killed?
30th June 1934, Hitler had over 200 leading figures in the SA and political opponents killed
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What percentage of the population voted in favour to the suggestion that Hitler become Fuhrer?
89.9%
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In what way was propaganda important in the Nazis consolidation?
It gave the Nazis secure support as without this, people may have turned against them. Even though Hitler's violent acts were legal, if they weren't supported his influence would have crumbled
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When was the Reichrat disbanded?
January 1934
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What percentage was unemployment at in 1933 and 1936?
1933 = 25.9% 1936 = 7.4%
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What percentage of the vote did the Nazis gain in the 1932 election?

Back

37.3% of the vote, and with 230 seats they were the most popular party in the Reichstag

Card 3

Front

What level was unemployment at by the end of 1933?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

By what percentage did national income reduce between 1929-1932?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Nazis 'catch-all' manifesto and when was it made?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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