History: Why was the ** so Important?

Which organisation eventually become the most powerful in Germany?
The **
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What was the ** originally?
A private bodyguard for Hitler and other Nazi leaders.
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What does ** stand for?
'Schlutz Staffel' or 'protection squad'
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What did Heinrich Himmler do in four years to the **?
It only had 500 men, but over four years he built it into an elite force of 50,000 tall, blond, blue-eyed Aryan 'supermen'. The physical standards were very strict. Until 1936 even a filing in a tooth was enough to keep a man out of the **
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Complete the sentence: The ** were ________ and fiercely _____ to Hitler.
The ** were ruthless and fiercely loyal to Hitler.
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What did the ** help to do in 1934?
They helped to crush the SA in the 'Night of the Long Knives' After this he made them into a separate organisation - he changed their brown uniforms with black ones.
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How did the role of the ** change after the Night of Long Knives?
They became the main means of terrorising or intimidating Germans into obedience. The ** had almost unlimited power to arrest people without trial, search houses, or confiscate property. They also ran the concentration camps.
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What happened when the war began?
The ** became more important. They had their own fighting units, the Waffen **, which soon rivalled the power of the army.
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What was the Gestapo originally?
The Prussian secret police run by Hermann Goering.
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What happened to the Gestapo after June 1936?
It became the state secret police under command of Heinrich Himmler.
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What did the Gestapo do?
Tapped telephones, intercepted mail and spied on people. They had a network of informers throughout Germany. Anyone who so much as whispered any opposition to Hitler could be reported to the Gestapo by an informer and arrested.
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What could the Gestapo do against the ordinary Germans?
They could strike anywhere. It was probably the Gestapo that the opponents of Nazism most feared.
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What were the first concentration camps?
Temporary prisons set up by SA&** in disused factories/warehouses/in hastily erected barbedwire enclosures in the countryside.Some were local camps taking overflow from nearby jails.Others specialised in particular kinds of prisoners.
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What were the opponents of the regime taken to concentration camps for in the early days?
Questioning, torture, hard labour and 'reducation'
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What would happen if someone was killed at a concentration camps?
Their family members would receive a note saying that the victim had died of pneumonia or some such disease, or that he had been shot while trying to escape.
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Talk about concentration camps by 1939.
They'd built up massive business using their prisoners as slave labour,extracting raw materials&manufacturing weapons.
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Talk about concentration camps after 1939.
These became the scenes of mass genocide, but in the early days of the regime - although there was great cruelty and suffering - they were not death camps as they were in later years.
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When they Nazis came to power did they get rid of the existing police and legal system?
No - they took control of it.
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Who was the police under the command of?
The **
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Who did the judges take an oath of loyalty to?
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What happened to the number of crimes punishable by death from 1933 to 1943?
It rose from 3 to 46 - they included listening to foreign radio stations or publishing anti-government leaflets.
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What is so shocking about Heinrich Himmler leading the **, who were feared for their callous brutality, and supervised the extermination of six million Jews.
He was a chicken farmer, he was interested in German folklore and the occult. He was said to be so sensitive that he felt sick when he witnessed a killing and could not bear to see an insect harmed.
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Talk about the Nazi Party having a strong local structure.
Every town was divided into small units called blocks which included only a handful of homes. Their local Nazi - the Block Warden - visited them weekly, collecting donations and checking up on them.
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What were local leaders intended to act as?
The eyes and ears of the Party. They had to write reports o the 'political responsibility' of their block residents. These reports could determine whether somebody got a job.
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What could stop somebody getting a job?
Signs of independent thinking - anti-Hitler jokes, refusing to support the party, hosting illegal political meetings, or not flying a Nazi flag on celebration days.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What was the ** originally?


A private bodyguard for Hitler and other Nazi leaders.

Card 3


What does ** stand for?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What did Heinrich Himmler do in four years to the **?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Complete the sentence: The ** were ________ and fiercely _____ to Hitler.


Preview of the front of card 5
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