History: Why was Hitler Invited to Become Chancellor?

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Talk about President Hindenburg and his views on Hitler.
He was a former army leader, hated Hitler. He called him 'the little Bohemian corporal' His main advisers were rich, conservative industrialists and army leaders.
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Talk about Franz von Papen and his views on Hitler.
A rich catholic nobleman. A favourite of Hindenburg - distrusted Hitler.
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Talk about General von Schleicher and his views on Hitler.
Former army leader - the main adviser to Hindenburg. Supported von Papen to start with - distrusted Hitler.
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What was the heart of the problem in 1932/1933?
The Nazis were the largest party.
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What would usually happen if a party was the largest? Why was this not the case for the Nazis?
The leader of the party would become chancellor - however, the other parties in the Reichstag wouldn't work with Hitler.
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Who had the right to appoint the chancellor? Why? Did he appoint Hitler?
President Hindenburg, because that's what the constitution allowed. No he didn't appoint Hitler because he didn't want him to be.
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Describe the fight for Chancellor in the July 1932 elections.
The Nazis were the largest party - Hitler demanded to be chancellor, but Hindenburg despised him - so he appointed Franz Von Papen as his chancellor.
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Why did president Hindenburg call another election soon after the July 1932 election?
Because Hitler refused to co-operate with Franz Von Papen as chancellor.
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What did Franz Von Papen hope to do as Chancellor in 1932?
He had no support but hoped he could create a right-winged coalition government with the support of the Nazis and other right-winged parties.
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Talk about how the Nazis did in the November 1932 elections.
Very badly - apathy was settling in. They increased propaganda but this activity was in vain. The thuggery and intimidation by the SA had lost the Nazis support - they were still the largest party but they lost 34 seats.
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How did the Nazis regain support after the November 1932 elections?
General von Schleicher stopped supporting von Papen and decided he himself should become chancellor. This triggered off a power struggle between Schleicher and von Papen, which ended with them handing power to Hitler.
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Describe the event on 3 December 1932
Hindenburg reluctantly appoints von Schleicher chancellor.
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Describe the event on 4 January 1933
Papen sees Schleicher is having difficult keeping a Reichstag majority. He sees a chance to regain power. He privately agrees to work with Hitler, Hitler will be chancellor, Papen will be in the cabinet.
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Describe the event on 22 January 1933
Von Papen asks Hindenburg to make Hitler chancellor, Hindenburg refuses.
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Describe the event on 28 January 1933
Von Schleicher has to admit defeat in raising support in the Reichstag. He has to resign.
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Describe the event on 30 January 1933
H wants P back but appointing such an unpopular C might trigger movement against H.P persuades H that as long as nazi no. in cabinet are limited,then even with Hitler as C the most extreme Nazi policies can be resisted.H appoints Hitler C & P Vice-C
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What five reasons explain why hitler became chancellor in 1933?
The depression, his leadership skills, nazi tactics, the weakness of the weimar republic and political manoeuvring between von Schleicher and von Papen.
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Card 2

Front

Talk about Franz von Papen and his views on Hitler.

Back

A rich catholic nobleman. A favourite of Hindenburg - distrusted Hitler.

Card 3

Front

Talk about General von Schleicher and his views on Hitler.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the heart of the problem in 1932/1933?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What would usually happen if a party was the largest? Why was this not the case for the Nazis?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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