History: Was Hitler in Control of Germany?

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In theory, how much power did Hitler have when he became president in 1934?
Unlimited - Nazi Germany was a one-state party.
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What was one of the greatest successes of propaganda?
It managed to present the impression that Hitler was hardworking and in control, and that the Nazi regime was efficient and orderly
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What did Hitler suffer from?
Insomnia - he stayed up until two or three o'clock in the morning talking to friends on his pet subjects.
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What did Hitler do when he got up at late morning?
He read the mornings newspapers, and then went to lunch.
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When did Hitler's information about his way of working become revealed?
After his death by his personal assistants.
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What did Hitler's routine make difficult?
To get him to make decisions which he alone could make as Head of State. It was difficult for government officials to get in touch with him.
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What did a Historian conclude about Hitler's approach to decision-making?
That he was unwilling to take decisions, frequently uncertain, exclusively concerned with upholding his personal prestige and personal authority, influenced in the strongest way by his closest advisers'
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What did Hitler dislike? What did he do instead?
Paperwork and increasingly opted out of the day-to-day running of the government so that he could concentrate on what most interested him - military questions, foreign policy and his favourite architectural projects.
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Why might it not have mattered that Hitler opted out of many decisions?
Because it wasn't possible for one person to control all aspects of government.
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What group became more important in the 1930's?
The SS - ran by Heinrich Himmler.
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Which two groups became less powerful in the 1930's?
The army and big businesses.
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Name the seven 'power blocs' in the power structure in Nazi Germany.
Hitler, The SS, Nazi Organisations (Hitler Youth, German Labour Front), Government ministries (Ministry for propaganda - Josef Goebbels - Foreign Office, Ministry for Economics) The Army, Big businesses and local Nazi Party leaders.
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When Hitler came to power, what did he keep? Who else did Hitler give powers to?
The existing government organisations of the Civil Service (although to get anywhere in it you had to be a Nazi) But he also gave powers to separate Nazi Party organisations such as the German Labour Front.
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How many main organisations were trying to run Germany?
Two.
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What were the different organisations within the Nazi party more interested in doing?
Building up their own power than they were in collaborating with the others for the good of Germany.
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What were Nazi policies often determined by?
Power struggles within the Party
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Why did Nazi leaders often suggest policies?(2) What didn't this result in?
Because they thought it would increase their status in the Party or earn favour with Hitler. This didn't result in smooth and efficient policies.
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What did a historian describe the Nazis' style of government as?
'Wild improvisation' as they met each new crisis.
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What didn't help solve the problems of each crisis the Nazis met?
Hitler's aloofness.
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Why did some Historians argue that Hitler was happy with the state of being uninvolved with Germany?
Because it allowed him to play off one group of people against another - to 'divide and rule' - and so make his own position as leader more secure than ever.
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Often, what was there at local level?
Inconsistency.
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Who had done the most to bring Hitler to power? What did these have to do once in power?
The local Party workers - it was these who had to enforce Nazi policies at local level.
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What did the local Party workers do with the Nazi policies they had to enforce at the local level? Give an example.
They interpreted the policies in their own way for their own community. For example, some local parties persecuted Jews, others did not.
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When did Big businesses power decrease?
1937
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When did the army's power decrease?
1938
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When did the SS's power increase?
1933-1936
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Card 2

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What was one of the greatest successes of propaganda?

Back

It managed to present the impression that Hitler was hardworking and in control, and that the Nazi regime was efficient and orderly

Card 3

Front

What did Hitler suffer from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Hitler do when he got up at late morning?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When did Hitler's information about his way of working become revealed?

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