History- Vietnam War

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What happened at the Treaty of Geneva?
Indo-China was divided into Laos, Cambodia, South Vietnam and North Vietnam/ elections were decided to be help to unify Vietnam in 1956
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Who was Ho Chi Minh?
A communist supported by China/ he set up the Vietcong to start a guerilla war/
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Who were the ARVN?
South Vietnamese army
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How did the US get involved in the Vietnam conflict?
The Gulf of Tonkin Incident allowed president Johnson to authorize use of a conventional military forc
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What happened on february 1965?
the Vietcong attacked US air bases and killed American soldiers/president Johnson declared war against North Vietnam
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What were the 4 reasons the US got involved in Vietnam
Containment/Domino Theory/ American politics/ Military-Industrial complex/
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What did Johnson say about the Domino Theory?
"If you let a bully come into your garden, the next day he'll be in your porch, and the day after that he'll **** your wife"
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What did Johnson say about action in South Vietnam?
"We are swatting flies when we should be going after the manure pile."
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What did Congress agree in the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?
to "take all necessary steps" to defend freedom in Vietnam.
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What were the tactics used by the Vietcong?
"hanging onto the belts" of the Americans/ booby traps to lower morale/ supplies from the Ho Chi Minah trail/guerilla tactics
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What were the tactics used by the US army?
Hi-tech weapons/ search and destroy raids/ They forced the peasants to leave Vietcong-controlled areas and made them live in defended strategic hamlets in loyal areas
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What was the Tet Offensive?
The Tet Offensive was a huge conventional attack by the North on US forces
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What problems did America face in Vietnam?
Low morale and inexperience/ Vietnam's neighbours/ 'Hearts and minds'
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What was the My Lai massacre?
the Vietnam War mass murder of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam by the Americans
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Why did America lose support after the My Lai massacre?
it did not persuade people about the righteousness of the cause since they destroyed a country and deformed its people with chemicals/ media
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Why did America lose support?
President Johnson had to cancel his Great Society programme/ black people were twice as likely to be killed
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What did the policy of Vietnamisation involve?
Increasingly leaving the fighting to the South Vietnamese
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What did Johnson do after the Tet Offensive?
vietnamisation/ instructed officials to begin negotiating peace/ announced he would not seek re-election
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Who were the Vietcong?
Communist soldiers in South Vietnam who fought the South Vietnamese using guerrilla tactics.
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Card 2

Front

Who was Ho Chi Minh?

Back

A communist supported by China/ he set up the Vietcong to start a guerilla war/

Card 3

Front

Who were the ARVN?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How did the US get involved in the Vietnam conflict?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What happened on february 1965?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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