History - 1929-1987

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When was the Wall Street Crash?
24th October 1929
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What was the big problem leading up to the WSC?
Factories were making too many goods
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What did companies do to save money?
Sacked workers
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Who was the President at the time?
Hoover (Republican)
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What did the President do at first?
They thought the depression would soon end so carried on with rugged individualism and laissez-faire policies
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What did the President do when things didn't improve?
Cut taxes, set up relief agencies, spent $1.8 billion on roads and dams
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25% of the population were unemployed in what year?
1932
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When was the election after the WSC?
1932
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Who was the election between?
Hoover and Roosevelt
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What 3 things was the New Deal based on?
Relief, Recovery and Reform
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What was the basic idea of the New Deal?
To spend its (governments) way out of trouble
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What was the new Deal carried out by?
Alphabet Agencies
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What is the AAA?
Agricultural Adjustment Act: paid farmers to produce less
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What is the CCC?
Civilian Conservation Act: give jobs to unemployed men
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What is the NRA?
National Recovery Administration: improve pay and conditions
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When was the second New Deal?
1935
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What were the strengths of the second New Deal?
FDR was very popular and won the 1936 election, old and disabled people got pensions, more jobs and investments and strengthened unions
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What were the criticisms of the second New Deal?
In 1939 there was still 9 million people unemployed, the depression didn't end until WW2
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When did the US join WW2?
December 1940
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Why did the US not suffer from bombing?
Too far away from Europe
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How did WW2 end the depression?
The US lent money to other countries during the war
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How did US society change after the war?
Women saw higher (but not equal) pay but sexist attitudes still existed
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How did life change for black Americans after the war?
FDR set up FEPC which investigated and discouraged discrimination within companies and the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People)
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What was the purpose of McCarthyism?
To expose communists in America
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What years did McCarthyism take place?
1950-54
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How many people were suspected to be communists during the McCarthy trials
2,000
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When was Joe McCarthy forced out of public life?
1954
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Who was Alger Hiss?
He was accused of being a spy and he had a pumpkin patch where he had government documents, got 5 years in prison
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Who were Julius and Ethel Rosenberg?
Suspected of being spies for communists, both tried and executed in 1953
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Who were the Hollywood Ten?
Ten writers and directors refused to answer if they were involved with communism, got a year in prison
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What political party was John F Kennedy?
Democrat
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What was JFK's key idea?
The New Frontier
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When was JFK's assassination?
1963
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Who succeeded JFK?
Lyndon B Johnson
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What did JFK and LBJ want to solve?
Civil Rights, poverty and inadequate health care
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What Acts did LBJ pass?
Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act
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When was Richard Nixon Presdient?
1968
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When was the Watergate scandal?
1972
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What happened in the Watergate scandal?
5 men were caught in a democratic party HQ trying to take pictures of important documents, they admitted to being paid by the Republicans to do it, Nixon denied involvement, was proven that he did know about it
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When was Nixon forced to resign?
1974
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What were the impacts of the Watergate scandal?
No trust in politics, Freedom of Information Act
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What political party was Ronald Reagan?
Republican
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What were Reagan's policies?
Cut taxes for the wealthy ('Trickle Down Economics'), rugged individualism, lots of money spent on defence
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When was the stock market crash under Reagan?
1987
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the big problem leading up to the WSC?

Back

Factories were making too many goods

Card 3

Front

What did companies do to save money?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who was the President at the time?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the President do at first?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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