History: The Suffragettes and Suffragists

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What happened to many suffragettes after 1911?
They were sent to prison.
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What did many suffragettes do whilst in prison? What happened to them?
They went on hunger strike. To stop women starving to death in custody, women were force fed.
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What did the government do after a public outcry because of women being force fed?
They passed a law, soon know as the 'Cat and Mouse Act' of 1913. This allowed hunger strikers to be released until they had recovered and then re-arrested and put back in prison to complete their sentence.
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Did the women have the vote when the first world war broke out? 1914
No.
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What five things could women do from 1870?
Keep their own money when they married; go to university, train as a doctor and stand and vote in local elections.
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What couldn't women do in 1870?
Vote in Parliamentary elections.
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Since when had women been campaigning for the right to vote in Parliamentary elections?
1860s
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Who had been campaigning for women's rights since 1860's? What did they do?
The National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) know as 'Suffragists' had 500 local branches. They held meetings, sent letters, organised petitions, and tried, unsuccessfully, to win over the all-male Parliament.
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What happened in Manchester in 1903?
Mrs Emmeline Pankhurst and her two daughters, Christabel and Sylvia, founded the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) They were soon labelled 'suffragettes'
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What did the suffragettes decide from the start?
That they had to get more publicity for the women's suffrage movement by breaking the law. Christabel was the first to be arrested.
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How did Christabel justify her actions in court?
By explaining that she didn't have to obey a law made by men for whom she hadn't been allowed to vote.
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What did the suffragettes begin to do in 1904?
They began to publish their own weekly newspaper called votes for women. It was sold in shops and on the streets all over the country. Women had to stand in the road as they could get arrested if they sold it on the pavement.
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What did the Suffragettes do in 1907?
They chained themselves to railings to highlight their cause. This also meant that they had more time to protest before the police could take them away.
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What did the 300,000 suffragettes marching to Hyde Park carry in their protest and campaign for votes for women?
They carried banners in the suffragette colours of green and purple.
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What did the Suffragettes do in 1908 because they were propaganda experts?
They sold all kind of goods to keep their grievance in the public eye, like the teacup and the saucer with the suffragette badge.
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What did the the Suffragettes do in 1912?
Use increasing violence - smashing shop windows.
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Talk about the suffragettes using arson in 1913.
They carried it out at some all-male gold clubs and one at the home of an anti-suffrage MP. The suffragettes made sure that no animals or humans were in the building before they burnt them down.
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Talk about the event in 1913 that led to Emily Wilding Davison being killed at the Derby.
She wanted to highlight the suffragette case by holding up the King's horse. She was knocked dan and killed. The suffragette newspaper claimed she was a martyr to the cause.
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What result did campaigners have when they met with Prime Minister Asquith to discuss women's suffrage in 1908?
No result.
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What did opponents of women's suffrage stop in 1910?
They stopped a Parliamentary Bill to give votes to women. Suffragette protest meeting outside Parliament aggressively broken up by police. Many women injured and 29 cases of indecent assault brought against the police.
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Talk about the Liberal government introducing a Bill into government in 1911.
This bill suggested votes for women. The majority of MPs agree agree to it, but Asquith changes his mind at the last minute and drops the idea
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What happened when another women's suffrage Bill was debated in parliament in 1913?
It was defeated by 47 votes.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did many suffragettes do whilst in prison? What happened to them?

Back

They went on hunger strike. To stop women starving to death in custody, women were force fed.

Card 3

Front

What did the government do after a public outcry because of women being force fed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Did the women have the vote when the first world war broke out? 1914

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What five things could women do from 1870?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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