HISTORY-THE ROAD TO WAR

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What was the legacy of the peace settlements?
1)Hitler hated the T of V and wanted to destroy it 2)started Nazi Party Programme in 1920 3)Britain and France responded with the policy of appeasement
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What was appeasement?
where B&F gave Hitler what he wanted to prevent him from going to war as they thought what Hitler wanted was reasonable and he would stop once he got everything that he wanted
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What did Germany leave in October 1933?
The League of Nations and Disarmament Conference
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Why did Germany leave LON and Disarmament Conference in October 1933?
1)wanted other countries to disarm to their level or re-arm to french level 2)french refused 3)hitler left claiming he wanted peace but was secretly re-arming
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What year did the Saar votes take place and what happened?
Jan 1935; people of the Saar voted by 477,000 to 48,000 to return to G(to unite German speaking people) 2)Huge propaganda for Hitler 3)Hitler promised to make no more claims on French territory
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What did Hitler announce in March 1935?
that Germany had a military air force and was introducing conscription to 500,000 men
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What did the Stresa Front do?
condemned Germany but took no action as Hitler expected, this was a clear rejection of the T of V
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What was the Anglo-German Naval Treaty and when was it signed?
JUNE 1935-allowed germans to rebuild their navy 35% the size of Britain's, guaranteed B permanent naval superiority, permitted G to ignore T of V,B didnt consult F before signing it!
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What happened on 7 March 1936?
German's reoccupied the Rhineland which was a huge gamble as German army was still not strong
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Why didn't Britain or France do anything?
claimed werent going to stop hitler from marching into his own backgarden
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What was the Rome-Berlin Axis and Anti-Comintern Pact?
Rome-Berlin Axis was an informal agreement between I&G to work more closely together and Anti-Comintern Pact committed G&J to hostility towards the Soviet union&I joined in 1937
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What was Anschluss?
Hitler wanted Germany and Austria together as one German nation,tried to take over in 1934,encouraged Nazis to stir up trouble,convinced Chancellor only way,plebisicte in 1938 99.75% voted for,Hitler claimed self-determination and wrong to separate
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What happened on 12-13 September 1938?
Hitler threatens war when Czechs declare marital law and Hitler encouraged Nazis leader to stir up trouble in Czechoslovakia
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What happened on the 15 September 1938?
Chamberlain and Hitler meet at Berchtesgaden, promises to give Hitler areas were 50% of the pop. is German speaking,did this without consulting Czechs and persuaded France to agree
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What happened on the 22-23 September 1938?
Hitler and Chamberlain meet at Bad Godesberg and Hitler demands ALL of the Sudetenland! Chamberlain refuses and it looks like war
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What happened on the 29-30 September 1938?
Munich Conference-F&B&I agree to give Sudetenland to Germany,Hitler waves paper with statement that Hitler does not want war,German troops march into Sudetenland?
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What happened a day after the Munich Conference?
Britain and Germany agree on Anglo-German Decleration with the promise to never go to war again
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When had Germany completely taken over the Sudetenland?
10 October 1938, Czech's were defenceless
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What were the four reasons for appeasement?
1)British people wanted peace-would not have wanted another war 2)Chamberlain wanted a strong Germany to serve as a barrier again Soviet Union 3)Hitler's complaints seemed reasonable especially about T of V 4)Chamberlain remembered the horrors of WW1
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What were the against appeasement?
1)the appeasers misjudged Hitler 2)appeasement was morally wrong 3)the appeasers missed excellent chances to stop Hitler
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was appeasement?

Back

where B&F gave Hitler what he wanted to prevent him from going to war as they thought what Hitler wanted was reasonable and he would stop once he got everything that he wanted

Card 3

Front

What did Germany leave in October 1933?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did Germany leave LON and Disarmament Conference in October 1933?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What year did the Saar votes take place and what happened?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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