History - The Medical Renaissance

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What did Vesalius specialise in and discover?
Anatomy and that Galen was wrong about the Jaw and Septum
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What did Harvey specialise in and discover?
Surgery, and better ways to treat wounds
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Name some things people thought the Black Death was a cause of:
1) God provocted plagues to drive out their sins, 2) That it was passed on by eye contact, 3) Annoying god
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Explain Different approaches to treating the Black Death
Blood letting, Urine samples, make you purge (ONGOING belief of the 4 humours)
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Did some things have effects - by chance?
Herbs had many positive effects, and we know around 50% of remidies may have helped, however NOT CURED a bacterial infection
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What was cheaper than having to consult a Physician?
The apocethary
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What did doctors think Pestilance was caused by?
Contaminated smells, so people tidied streets for better sanitation, and lighting fires in rooms to keep bad smells out
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If you were religious what would you have done?
You may have flogged/whipped yourself in order for god to stop their pain
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Did the 4 humours really effect how people thought?
Galens theory was approved by the catholic church, many people believed therefore these ideas were how your bodies worked
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Likely to Cure - Or not?
SOme methods that people used really wouldn't have helped, however bursting buboes may have due to releasing the badness out of your body
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What were Hospitals like in 1350?
Churches were quite small, run by monks, very crowded beds, more of 'care' for the sick than a doctors role, religious STRONG link between sickness and religion
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What were hospitals like in 1700?
These could now admit over 200 patients, it was paid for by local people, begining to TREAT illness, run by proper physicians and surgeons
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What had changed in terms of training?
Many people went abroad to recieve medical training, not universities
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What had changed in terms of the texts used
They still relied on Galens '4 humours' however now Vesalius had written 'Fabric of the human body'
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Did the Diagnosis alter?
No, it was an ongoing 2 periods of Galens ideas as there was no other explanation
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Did dissections take place in 1350?
No, it was only on a very rare occasion in a university physicians may have dissected, now Vesalius was very keen and ope to public observation
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Did the Midwiery role differ?
Yes, local wise woman would have been there in the medieval period, now men were taking over this role. FOR EXAMPLE - William Hunter was one of the leading midwives in the 1700's
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In what way did Herbal remidies change and stay the same?
People started to keep RECORDS of their patients, they could now read and write due to the printing press, more people had books in their homes containing herbal remidies
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Key Features
The royal society, founded in 1660, Printing, dissection
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Why did the Printing press effect so much?
Because people wanted to learn how to read and write, the spread of new ideas as books became more widely available also meant they were cheaper
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What was the idea based upon 'thinking outside the box' called?
The reformation
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Was the church happy about changes
NO - despite the efforts of the church, new inventions, ideas and discoveries still took place
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The royal society
groups met weeks to discuss new ideas in science, they also demonstrated experiments due to having equipment such as microscopes and labs - ALSO published books
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What did Harvey believe and why?
He believed the heart was a pump, his inspiration was from a water pump, he made the theory blood circulated around the body
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Why did people like going to Vesalius' dissection?
They wanted to know what they were being told was true or not
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When was the worst outbreak of Plague?
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What caused the Plague?
Rats, carried the fleas, they were attracted by city streets filled with rubbish and waste especially poorer areas
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What were the changes when the Plague hit later for the second time in 1665?
More active gornment response, preventions were made and order from the king were also introduced, there were more restrictions and organization improved
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Religious change:
The break away from the catholic church encouraged debate and questioning of old ideas
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What held back delevepments in the renaissance leading old ideas to continue?
1) the church discouraged dissection, and education 2) Many people were relucant to change the way they did things
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Why didn't things change?
Vesalius' and Harveys ideas took a long time for accpetance and their was no treatment change
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Name 4 factors most important in leading to change
1) Technology 2) Social Attitude 3) Science 4) Religion/Belief
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Card 2


What did Harvey specialise in and discover?


Surgery, and better ways to treat wounds

Card 3


Name some things people thought the Black Death was a cause of:


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Card 4


Explain Different approaches to treating the Black Death


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Card 5


Did some things have effects - by chance?


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