History - The Industrial Revolution

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20th Century Overview: What improved dramatically and why?
Health improved, because of improvement in the standard of living, education, public health and diet. As well as the free NHS
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What progress led to the invention of new techniques and machinery for diagnosing and treating disease
Science and Technology
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What became a key reason for the huge rise in the average life expectancy
Prevention of Disease
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How many hospitals existed by the mid 19th century?
Around 300 hospitals existed from 1859-1900
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Why was there increased pressure on to provide more hospital care for the poor?
To gain their respect, and therefore vote for new medical care in the towns
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What did the government say to Physicians in order for new hospitals?
You would have to win the publics vote to provide medical care
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Summerise the main actions taken by the government:
Built fever houses, new Asylum were built for the mentally ill, ordered that poor law unions should join together
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Who was Louis Pasteur?
A french chemist who investigated in problems of bacteria
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What Industries did Louis Pasteur work in / get support from?
The brewing Industry, and the Silk Industry
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What vaccines did Pasteur find and what for
1) Chicken Cholera, injected chickens with different strengths, 2) Anthrax (help from Robert Koch in 1870's, 3) Rabies
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Who was Robert Koch?
A german doctor who has read Pasteurs work
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What method did Koch find that benifitted Pasteurs work?
Staining bacteria, it gave a better identification and therefore classify them
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In what year was Koch funded by the government?
1875
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State some Good points and outcomes about Jenners work:
1) showed it was possible to treat disease 2) wanted lots of people to benefit from his work 3) Disaproved the idea of ongoing spontaneous generation
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Why where there opposition to Jenners ideas?
1) Deprived doctors income because governments gave grant for FREE vaccination 2) On linked to small pox and cowpox - not a wide range of diseases 3) COULD NOT EXPLAIN how it worked
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What year did the government inforce compulsory vaccination?
1872
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What is Inoculation?
Immunity is when your body is introduced to the disease and your body then becomes immune
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What is Vaccination?
Vaccination is getting the dose of vaccine to get immunity.
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What rate did Nightingale reduce?
The rate amongst injured soldiers 50% to 2/3%
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Nightingales impact on medical training and nursing
Emphasised cleanliness and fresh are.
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Which hospital did she work at and which war?
The Scurati Military hospital in the Crimean War
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Was the germ theory a quick or slow process
VERY SLOW - took on average 40 years
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What was spontaneous generation
The idea that germs existed, and they were the result of the disease not the cause of it!
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Why was sanitation a big problem in the Cholera epidemic?
People didn't know about germs, toilets would be shared by hundreds of people
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What was cholera caused by?
Contaminated water, spread by sewage being allowed in to contact with drinking water
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How did the river source effect cholera?
Because dirty rivers were main water supplies aned was common in poorer areas in the 19th century
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In what period were home remidies branched throughout the chemical and pharmeceutical industries?
1750-1900
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In the year 1350-1750 home remidies became standardised and the...
Government regulation made sure less dangerous chemicals in pills where allowed to be distrobuted
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In what century was there less use of herbal remidies
19th Century
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Why was advertising much easier / popular
Due to the introduction of the printing press in the mid 15th century
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What was a big factor in the 19th century?
MASS PRODUCTION
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Card 2

Front

Science and Technology

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What progress led to the invention of new techniques and machinery for diagnosing and treating disease

Card 3

Front

Prevention of Disease

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Around 300 hospitals existed from 1859-1900

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

To gain their respect, and therefore vote for new medical care in the towns

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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