History - the home front during World War 1

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when was conscription introduced?
1916
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how many men volunteered in 1914? why?
2 million. proud, could fight with friends, everyone thought it would be over by christmas.government released very optimistic propaganda.
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when was the derby scheme introduced?
1915
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what was dora? when was it made?
defence of the realm act. 1914, basically took control of industry forcing some workers to stay in jobs.
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what happened when german shoot down our trading ships, when?
1917, shot down 317 ships in one month, bad as 2/3 of food were from overseas.
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what did the government do to try and help the food shortage?
encourage working class to make their own food, young people sent out to work, wages went down, food prices went up, rationing, soup kitchens held for kids.
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describe the effects of german bombing
tramatic seeing dead or injured people,people became homeless, caused panic as there was no warning, random killing of women and babies made good propaganda, caused food shortages, 1400 died, 3000 inured.
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how did the war generally effect people in Britain?
traumatic, homeless, people didnt know what was going on, people scared of filmed trench warfare, 3/4 men killed in action, hungry poor attack food shops.
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what happened in nov 1914?
parliament had authorised the voluntary recruitment scheme of 2 million men. dora passed, gave government power to intervene in peoples lives.
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what happened in dec 1914?
german naval attacks on east coast towns, over 100 killed.
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what happened in 1915?
derby scheme - inviting men to promise to join the war if they were asked to do so. voluntary propaganda increased and government made national register of people.
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what happened in 1916?
conscription and munision crisis led to ministry of munitions set up by lloyd george
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what happened in 1917?
food became in much shorter supply, due to pressure from an intensified german u-boat campaign. individual shopkeepers began introducing their own rationing schemes.
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what happened in 1918?
rationing became official.
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what was the national register?
regsiter of all men and women between 15 and 65 to make it easier to identify who could be eligable for national serice.
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forms of government propaganda
encouraging men to recruit, woman to help, women to encourage men to recruit, german hating, soliders having good time, showing success, 240 films produced between 1915 and 1918.
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how was government propaganda effective during ww 1?
stories persuade countries like US to take part in war, everyone was anti german.
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how was government propaganda ineffective during ww1?
socialists apposed war from start, people at home realised the war wasnt what it seemed, government got lots of criticism after battle of the somme.
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what was the mood of the people at the end of the war?
happy because it was over but wanted revenge on germany
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

how many men volunteered in 1914? why?

Back

2 million. proud, could fight with friends, everyone thought it would be over by christmas.government released very optimistic propaganda.

Card 3

Front

when was the derby scheme introduced?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

what was dora? when was it made?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

what happened when german shoot down our trading ships, when?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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