History: Surgery

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  • Created by: Bonnie
  • Created on: 08-04-14 11:57
Medieval Civilisation
Could not afford universities for studies, and could not have public health systems
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Communications
Difficult and dangerous, so often slow
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Technology
Limited, and much of the advanced technical knowledge of the Romans was lost
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After 1066
Universities were established. Kings grew more powerful, and established courts as centres of culture and wealth. Trade and communications, especially, by sea, developed. Towns grew, which created public health problems
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Causes of medical stagnation
h disr Loss of medical knowledge/ bad doctors. Emphasis on 'authority' not observation and investigation.Lack of resources to build public health systemsthe forbidding by the Church of dissection. Encouragement of prayer.Social disorder war: Bad comm
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Medical stagnation discouraged progress by:
Forbidding dissection of human corpses.Insisting that people agree with the writings of Galen. Relied prayers to saints & superstition for cures of disease. Encouraged belief: disease a punishment from God:fatalism & prevented investigation into cure
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Universities developed
Lectures on anatomy were rudimentary. A butcher pointed to the different parts of a body, while the lecturer read a text by an authority such as Galen.
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Medieval doctors; Four Humours
They believed that life was controlled by God and his saints, and a plague such as the Black Death was seen as a punishment from God. Guy de Chauliac, the Pope's doctor, blamed the Black Death on a conjunction of Saturn, Jupiter and Mars.
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Card 2

Front

Communications

Back

Difficult and dangerous, so often slow

Card 3

Front

Technology

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

After 1066

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Causes of medical stagnation

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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