History Revision Flashcards

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  • Created by: pvibrans
  • Created on: 16-05-15 16:12
Who were the child workers in factories?
Orphans - pauper apprentices, lived in apprentice houses near the mills. Poor families - sons and daughters of adult workers.
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Who were the overseers?
Overseers were given the job of making the children work as hard as possible. The more work the children did, the more they were paid.
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Why did mill owners want children workers?
- machines like 'water frame' were automatic, children able to run them. -Paid less than adults, apprentices not paid at all. -More agile, easier to crawl under machines.
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What did Seebohm Rowntree do?
- Investigated into the living conditions of poor in York. - Proved there was poverty even in towns like York. -asked about income, rent, fuel, clothing acc to family size. -scientific methods; nutrition
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What did Rowntree discover?
- devised his own poverty line. -set at 21 shillings 8 pence for family of 5. -any family that earned below, in primary poverty. -approx 9.9% in poverty in York.
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What was the country divided into?
boroughs and counties. Most send 2 MPs to parliament.
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Who could vote?
No one under 21. No women. In counties, only property owners. In boroughs, varies from place to place.
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Who could be an MP?
Only men. Have to own a lot of property. Not paid a salary, so only rich people.
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Which two parties did most MPs belong to?
The Whigs and the Tories.
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How did voting take place?
-local landowner so influential that he controls elections. -threats and bribery often used. -voters must announce who they are voting for. -candidates who get most votes become MP in House of Commons.
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When is there an election?
General Election every 7 years.
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What did MPs do?
-make decisions about how country should be run. -House of Lords>House of Commons. PM usually from H of L.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who were the overseers?

Back

Overseers were given the job of making the children work as hard as possible. The more work the children did, the more they were paid.

Card 3

Front

Why did mill owners want children workers?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Seebohm Rowntree do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Rowntree discover?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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