History paper 2

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When was poverty a large issue for Britain?
At the beginning of the 20th Century.
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What conditions were people forced to live in?
One family sharing on small room with one bed so disease spread very easily , reliant on charity, frequent deaths, one street toilet.
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What are the 5 main things that the Victorians achieved?
Hours of work had reduced and work conditions has improved. Slum clearance schemes. All children had to go to school. All male householders could vote. Wages has risen and the average family was much better off.
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What major problems did the Victorians not address?
Poverty. Conditions in new industrial towns were awful. Disease spread easily.
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What were the government forced to do?
Deal with the issues and bring in factory acts, education acts and the public health act.
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What was the industrial revolution?
Where factories and towns developed at the beginning of the 20th century and Britain was transformed.
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What kind of help was provided for the poor?
Charity and the poor law.
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What did charities do to help the poor?
They helped with food, clothes or money. Sometimes they provided accommodation for the elderly too.
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Name a charity especially for children
Barnados set up by Thomas Barnardo in 1867, he set up a network of children homes for abandoned children.
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How many children did Barnado help?
He rescued 59,384 children from destitution (poverty) and helped around 50,000 to have better lives.
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What was the poor law?
Workhouses, although they were grim places with poor conditions.
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What did poor law hospitals offer?
Free treatment.
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What would it mean to accept relief?
You would be labelled a pauper which would bring great shame and would have disgrace attached.
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What was outdoor relief?
Relief outside the workhouse including cash payments or goods or services to people in their homes.
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What were local authorities allowed to offer from 1886?
Work to the unemployed.
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What did the 1905 Unemployed workmen act do?
It allowed money to be raised specifically for the purpose of the unemployed.
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What were the elderly entitled to?
Outdoor relief, but many had to be admitted to the workhouse to be looked after.
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What was the most important cause of poverty?
Old age.
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What eventually happened in work houses?
Couples were not spilt, they were allowed visitors and were given allowances for luxuries (Tea and tobacco)
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Card 2

Front

What conditions were people forced to live in?

Back

One family sharing on small room with one bed so disease spread very easily , reliant on charity, frequent deaths, one street toilet.

Card 3

Front

What are the 5 main things that the Victorians achieved?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What major problems did the Victorians not address?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the government forced to do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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