History Paper 1

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How did Wealth and Resources help the boom?
USA was rich in raw materials such as coal, iron and oil. New technologies.
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How did WW1 help the boom?
Supplied Europe with armaments and supplies.
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What were the two Republican Policies?
.Isolation and high tariffs .Laissez Faire .
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What were the 3 main New Industries in the 1920s?
Car, Chemical, Electricity
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What was hire purchase?
Buy now, pay later. Helped those poorer to buy goods, Paid in small installments for goods.
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Why didn't agriculture share the prosperity?
WW1 markets were no longer needed. Overproducation meant prices for crops were decreasing as more was being produced. New machines contributed to overproduction and also meant fewer jobs. Fewer mouths to feed. Competition with canada.
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Which groups of Americans did not benefit from the boom?
Farmers. Workers in old industries like coal and textiles. Unemployed. Black Americans. Immigrants.
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Why was the 1920s called the Roaring Twenties?
A name given to the fast pace of life. Loud.
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What was the impact of cars in the 20s?
Changed lifestyle (lesuire, life and work). Advantages were more freedom and work opportunities and disadvantages were more crashes and get away cars.
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What was the impast of the radio in the 20s?
700+ stations. Helped advertisement, sport and music.
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Impact of the cinema in the 20s?
First with silent movies and the talkies. By 1930 over 100 million people going to the cinema every week. It helped escapism, fashion and behaviuors. However was blamed for a decline in sexual morals.
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Impact of Jazz in the 20s?
New music made by blacks. New dances such as the Charleston. Older generations were appalled.
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Impact of sport in the 20s?
Mass entertainment. Baseball and boxing in particular.
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What did the 20s change about middle class women?
They became flappers, drank, smoked and wore short skirts. Labour saving devices changed domestic lives.
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What was Prohibition?
The ban of the manufacture, sale and transportation of alcohol.
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Why was Prohibition introduced?
Religious, Social, Economic and Patriotic reasons.
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What was the effects of Prohibition?
Opposite of intended. Moonshine, bootlegging, speakeasies, organised crime and corruption.
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Why was Prohibition repealed?
Drinking continued. Enforcement impossible. No money to enforce it in the depression. Could create jobs and tax revenue. Violence and gangsters.
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What was the intolerance towards immigrants?
Hatred for immigrants for SE due to fear of communism
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What was the intolerance of RED SCARE?
Russian revolution in 1917. Anti-communist hysteria.
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What/who was Sacco and Venzetti?
Two Italians who were unfairly executed for supposedly murder and armed robbery however were only guilty of being foreign and anarchists.
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What was the intolerence of Blacks in the 20s?
Especially in southern states there was segregation. No vote, worse jobs and housing etc. Lynchings were not rare and they experienced extreme racism.
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What was the Monkey Trial 1925?
showed lack of tolerence between rural and urban usa. Ideas of fundamentalists made to look stupid.
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Who were the KU KLUX KLAN?
Stirred up racial hatred. Disguised and used intimidation. Defended WASP superiority.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How did WW1 help the boom?

Back

Supplied Europe with armaments and supplies.

Card 3

Front

What were the two Republican Policies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the 3 main New Industries in the 1920s?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was hire purchase?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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