History Paper 1

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He hated Germany
For all the destruction and death it had caused his country
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He wanted revenge
For all the lives they had taken in order to please his country who wanted Germany to pay
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He wanted security for France
Because Germany bordered with France. They had already brutally attacked France twice during the previous 50 years. By being harsh, Clemenceau hoped to keep Germany weak so they could not threaten France again
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He wanted Germany to pay
For all the rebuilding that would need to happen due to the destruction Germany caused
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He wanted to cripple Germany
Economically and politically so it would remain weak
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He wanted to humiliate Germany
By weakening their military power, economy and empire as he knew they wound find this embarrassing as they were a very proud military nation
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To protect Britain's empire
Wilson disagreed with this as he believed in self determination
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To trade with Germany
Britain wanted to keep good relations with Germany
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To avoid humiliating Germany
Germany would seek revenge
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To avoid Germany turning to communism
Communism occurred when people were dissatisfied with their government
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To gain Germany's colonies
They had the biggest empire in the world
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Encourage disarmament
In order to prevent another war happening
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Set up the League of Nations
To achieve world peace and create a better world. To avoid another war, collective security
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Self determinism
So that every country has its own dependence, making a fairer world
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Fair peace
They were worries about revenge
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Aaland Islands - 1920
Sweden and Finland both wanted these islands and were close to war. The League negotiated a deal that gave them to Finland.
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Yugoslavia/Albania - 1920
The League prevented Albania being invaded
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Upper Silesia - 1921
The League organised a vote over whether this area should belong to Poland or Germany. The land went to Germany
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Mosal - 1924
The League convinced Turkey not to take Mosul from Iraq
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Greece & Bulgaria
Greece invaded Bulgaria, but pulled out after pressure from the League
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Vilna - 1920
Poland took control of the Lithuanian Town of Vilna. The League did nothing to stop Poland
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Memel - 1923
Lithuania captured Memel from Germany and the League did not stop it
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Ruhr - 1923
Because Germany would not pay its reparations, France occupied the German industrial area known as the Ruhr, but they did not ask the League’s permission
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Corfu - 1923
Mussolini took Corfu from Greece and the League could not stop him
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Refugees
400,000 prisoners of war were helped home by the League and refugees were helped in Greece and Bulgaria
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Working conditions
The League raised awareness of this issue
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Health
The League saved lives with its work on the diseases of Leprosy, Malaria, Yellow Fever and the Plague
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Transport
The League published an international highway code and marked shipping lanes on maps. This made transport safer
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Financial help
The League gave loans to Estonia, Austria and Hungary
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Weak powers
Sanctions didn't work, the League had no army
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America
America never joined the League which weakened it
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Structure
It took ages to do things and decisions had to be unanimous
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The Depression
The Depression made people look at their own country's problems
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Unsuccesful
The more the League failed, the more people ignored it
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Members
Some countries didn't join and others betrayed the League. Britain and France were too weak
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Bullies
Some countries like Germany, Italy and Japan were too strong for the League to handle
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

For all the lives they had taken in order to please his country who wanted Germany to pay

Back

He wanted revenge

Card 3

Front

Because Germany bordered with France. They had already brutally attacked France twice during the previous 50 years. By being harsh, Clemenceau hoped to keep Germany weak so they could not threaten France again

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

For all the rebuilding that would need to happen due to the destruction Germany caused

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Economically and politically so it would remain weak

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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