History: How far did the Weimar Republic recover from 1924 - 1929?

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Did Stressman stay as chancellor until his death?
No,his fragile coalition government could not keep the support of the Reichstag.Stresemann was too right-wing for socialists and too moderate for nationalists.However, he remained the most influential politician as the government attempted to recover
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In what years was Stresemann Foreign Minister?
1924 -1929.
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What important document was signed in 1925 due to Stresemann?
Germany signed the Locarno Treaties with Britain, France and Italy which guaranteed Germany's frontiers with France and Belgium. Stresemann avoided giving any guarantees over Germany's eastern frontiers.
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What did Stresemann take Germany into in 1926?
The League of Nations - it was given a permanent seat on the League's Council along with France and Germany due to recognition of its status as a great power.
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What did the Young Plan produce in 1929?
A final agreement on the issues of reparations. Allied occupation forces withdrawn from the Rhineland area of Germany.
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During the years of the Weimar Republic what did no party ever achieve?
A majority of seats in the Reichstag.
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Up until 1930 which party always won the most votes? What could they still not do?
The Social Democrats - but they never had enough votes to govern alone. So governments had to formed from coalitions of parties working together.
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What was the issue of a coalition government?
They didn't work well, and governments were therefore unstable.
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How many different governments were there in fourteen years? How long did the shortest ones last?
twenty five governments - some only lasted a few weeks.
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What did Stresemann hope the foreign policy success would do? Did this happen?
Make it easier for political parties in Germany to work together, but this didn't happen.
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Why did many nationalists oppose Stresemann's policies?
They thought they were too cautious. They wanted to reject the Versailles Treaty completely, not just have it revised.
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What were Centre and right-wing parties suspicious of?
The social democrats. Parties such as the communists and the Nazis made no secret of their wish to overthrow the Weimar republic entirely.
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Who was elected president in 1925? What was he like? And what did he think of the Weimar Republic?
Hindenburg. He was one of Germany's war leaders under the Kaiser and was a prominent critic of the Weimar republic. This showed how weak support for the Republic was amongst the German people.
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Which Germany (Modern or Old) did Hindenburg represent?
Old.
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What kind of governments did the period 1924-29 see?
More stable ones.
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What did the social democrats do after the 1928 election for the first time in five years? What did this show?
They joined a government coalition with other parties committed to the republic. This showed that the middle-class parties were no longer suspicious of socialists.
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What had the inflation in 1923 done to peoples savings? what did this leave for Germany?
It destroyed them so there was little money in Germany itself for investment.
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What year was the dawes plan introduced?
1924
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How much money was lent through the Dawes plan? by who? and what was it for?
800 million marks by the USA to invest in industry and commerce so the economy began to recover.
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In 1928 what did industrial production do? what had happened by 1930?
It surpassed pre-First World War levels. By 1930 Germany was one of the world's leading exporters of manufactured goods. However the German economy still had serious weaknesses.
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What made the German economy weak? (DAWES)
It depended on American loans which could be withdrawn at any time.
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What made the German economy weak? (Unemployment)
Unemployment was a serious problem. The economy was growing but it wasn't creating enough for Germany's rising population
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What made the German economy weak? (Taxes and Benefits)
Employers complained about the money the government spent on welfare benefits for the poor and unemployed. They said taxes were too high.
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What made the German economy weak? (Farming and Agriculture)
Some sectors of the economy were in trouble throughout the 1920's, farming in particular. Income from agriculture went down from 1925 to 1929. Farmworkers' earnings were, by 1929, little more than half the national average.
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What made the German economy weak? (Wealth and Poverty)
There were extremes of wealth and poverty in Germany.
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What made the German economy weak? (industrialists)
There was still a concentration of power in the hands of just a few industrialists who ran more than half Germany's industry.
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Card 2

Front

In what years was Stresemann Foreign Minister?

Back

1924 -1929.

Card 3

Front

What important document was signed in 1925 due to Stresemann?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Stresemann take Germany into in 1926?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the Young Plan produce in 1929?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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