History: How did Hitler Take Advantage of the Reichstag Fire

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What did Hitler insist on once he was made Chancellor? Why?
New Reichstag elections. He was determined to win an absolute majority for the Nazis, and as Chancellor he was now in position to use all powers of the state against his opponents.
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On 4 February 1933 what did Hitler get President Hindenburg to do?
Pass a decree supposedly to ensure free and peaceful elections. All election meetings had to be notified to the police at least fourty-eight hours in advance to ensure meetings could be adequately policed.
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Why did Hitler get President Hindenburg to pass a decrees on 4th February 1933?
It allowed Nazi-controlled place to come and break up the meetings themselves.
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What did the decree in place for the March 1933 elections give police the authority to do?
To prohibit any election meeting where a danger to public security was feared. It ordered that the police were to be given a prominent place at every meeting.
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What did Herman Goering control?
The police.
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What did Herman Goering tell his police force in Prussia on 17 February 1933?
That SA or nationalist meetings were not to be impeded by police restrictions but that those of communists must be dealt with all severity.
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What did Herman Goering do on 22 February 1933?
He appointed members of the Nazi's own SA as auxiliary (supporting) police officers, giving them the same rein as the official police force. They disrupted opposition meetings, and beat up opponents.
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What happened on the night of 27 February 1933?
The Reichstag building had been set on fire.
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Who was charged and arrested for starting the Reichstag fire?
van der Lubbe - a Dutch Communist - who was found inside the burning building.
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How did Hitler use the conviction of a communist starting the Reichstag fire to his favour? What did he do?
He used it as evidence that the communists were plotting against his government. That night Goering's Prussian police arrested and imprisoned 4000 Communist leaders.
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What did Hitler persuade President Hindenburg to do the day after the Reichstag Fire.
An emergency decree suspending all the articles in the constitution which guaranteed personal liberty, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and freedom of assembly.
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What did the emergency decree give the police the emergency powers to do?
Search houses,confiscate property,&detain people w/o trials.It decreed the death penalty for a wide range of crimes.They could ban meetings,close newspapers,round up political opponents&drag them off to their concentration camps&detention centres
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What was so significant about the emergency decree? What did it form?
It stayed in place for twelve years, throughout the period of Nazi rule. It formed the rather fragile legal base for much of the Nazi's twelve-year terror against their opponents.
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What is questionable about the Reichstag fire?
Whether the Nazis organised the fire themselves.
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What did the fire do in the short term for the Nazis?
It seemed like a windfall to them. It provided them with just the excuse they needed to tighten the screw on the opposition.
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Card 2

Front

On 4 February 1933 what did Hitler get President Hindenburg to do?

Back

Pass a decree supposedly to ensure free and peaceful elections. All election meetings had to be notified to the police at least fourty-eight hours in advance to ensure meetings could be adequately policed.

Card 3

Front

Why did Hitler get President Hindenburg to pass a decrees on 4th February 1933?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did the decree in place for the March 1933 elections give police the authority to do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Herman Goering control?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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