History: How did Hitler become Leader of the Nazis?

Name the five men who played an active part in helping Hitler and the Nazi Party rise to power.
Josef Goebbels, Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Heinrich Himmler, and Ernst Röhm.
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When did Heinrich Himmler join the Nazi party?
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When did Ernst Röhm join the Nazi party?
He was a founder member of the German Workers' party in 1919.
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When did Josef Goebbels join the Nazi party?
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When did Rudolf Hess join the Nazi party?
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When did Hermann Goering join the Nazi party?
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Which four Nazi leaders fought in the First World War? What was their role.
Goering - airforce, shot down 22 enemy aircraft, won highest medal for bravery under fire. Hess - Soldier and Pilot. Röhm - Captain in German army, great achievement for working class boy, most were upper class. Himmler - fought briefly.
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Who was Josef Goebbels the son of?
An office worker in a factory.
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Why didn't Josef Goebbels fight in the first world war?
He had a crippled foot which caused him to limp.
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What were Josef Goebbels characteristics?
small and physically weak, but intelligent, well educated and a brilliant public speaker.
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What was Josef Goebbels role in the Nazi party?
He was appointed editor of the Nazi newspaper Völkische Freiheit ('People's Freedom')
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What did Josef Goebbels oppose when he first joined the Nazi party? How did his opinion change?
He opposed Hitler's leadership, but then changed his mind and became one of Hitler's most influential supporters.
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Which class did Hermann Goering come from?
Middle class.
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What were Hermann Goering characteristics?
Loud, swaggering character, intelligent, witty, charming but also vain and greedy.
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What was Hermann Goering's role in the Nazi party?
Put in charge of the SA (stormtroopers) in 1923.
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What were Rudolf Hess characteristics?
Soft, sensitive, and humourless - didn't crave power like other Nazi Leaders and wasn't ambitious.
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What was Rudolf Hess's role in the Nazi party?
Hitler's private secretary in the early days, and later was responsible for matters of party administration.
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What was Rudolf Hess's opinion of Hitler?
He worshiped him.
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What did Heinrich Himmler study as a student?
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What were Heinrich Himmler's characteristics? How were these portrayed through his diary?
Frail, timid, clumsy - short cropped hair and expressionless face. He was hard working and very precise. His diary stated each time he shaved or had a hair cut.
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What was Heinrich Himmler's role in the Nazi party?
His early posts were as Gauleiter (Regional party chief) for various regions.
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What was Ernst Röhm's childhood dream job?
To be a soldier.
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What were Ernst Röhm's characteristics?
Tough, Brutal but efficient leader. He had a very violent temper.
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What did Ernst Röhm do after the First World War?
Joined the Freikorps and helped crush the Spartacist rising.
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When did Ernst Röhm support Hilter? And what was his role within the Nazi party?
He supported Hitler when he took over as Nazi Leader in 1920. Ernst Röhm set up and ran the SA for Hitler in 1921.
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Why was the Prussian government worried about the Nazi party? What arrangement what made between them and Hitler?
By 1922 the Nazi's had 3000 members and the Prussian state government was worried enough to make it an illegal organisation. Hitler was privately warned against attempting a coup in Bavaria. He promised he had no such plans.
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Where was the Nazi party based? However, what and where began to spread?
In Munich, but it's influence and Hitler's reputation as a political leader soon spread outside Bavaria to other parts of the country. The Nazis published their own newspaper to help spread their ideas.
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Which groups started to support the Nazis during the tense and strained period from 1920 - 1923?
Nationalists and anti-communists.
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Why did the Nazi party gain support during the crisis of 1920-1923, not other extreme right wing parties?
In the eyes of the supporters, the Nazis were the group which seemed most likely to do something about the crisis in Germany.
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What nine things did the Nazis stand for in the 1920s? (not inc. abolish Treaty of Versailles, rearm Germany and strong central government)
increase pensions,nationalise important industries,conquer lebensraum,weimar republic&marxism,challenge violence with own violence,remove jews from positions of leadership,no non-germans editors of newspapers,educate gifted kids at expense of state.
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When did Hitler become Leader of the Nazi party?
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What positive characteristics does Hitler have? (6)
Intelligent, decisive, small but great physical presence, piercing blue eyes - fix his listeners, charismatic public speaker.
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What was Hitler's actions when giving a speech?
Arrive late at a meeting, stand silent for several minutes, start speaking softly then gradually build up to a furious finish, driving audience wild with enthusiasm. He rehearsed carefully for important speeches - practising hand gestures and posture
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What was the Nazi flag called?
The Swastika.
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What were the colours of the Nazi flag? How did this relate to the Kaiser?
Red, white and black - same colours of Germany's flag under the Kaiser.
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What did the Swastika quickly become after Hitler used it as the Nazi flag?
The best-known political symbol in Germany.
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What inspired Hitler's organisation of the Nazi party? What did Hitler create which reinforced this idea?
The army. He set up his own private army in 1921 called the SA (Sturm-Abteilung or Stormtroopers)
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What gender, age (and for some former members) were the people in the SA?
Young men - some were in the Freikorps before joining the Nazi party.
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Why were the SA sometimes reffered to as brownshirts?
Because they dressed in brown.
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How did the reason the SA was set up contrast with what they actually did?
The SA was formed to protect speakers at Nazi meetings from intimidation from left wing opponents. In practise the SA often started the violence by breaking up meetings of the social democrat party which often ended in drunken brawls.
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When was the German Worker's party renamed? And to what?
National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP or Nazis) in 1920.
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What group did the Nazi's openly proclaim their hatred of? How did this link to their views and plans for the government?
Communists. They saw the Social Democratic government as a Communist government and made no secret of their plan to overthrow it when the time was right.
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Which state was a good base for a right-wing party? why?
Bavaria. It had a right-wing government, and many ordinary people in Southern Germany were opposed to the Social Democrats. Even the Bavarian government had plans to topple the Weimar Republic.
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Where did the army send Hitler in September 1919? How many members did it have? What were Hitler's first impression?
to a meeting of a small, extreme nationalist group called the German Worker's Party. It had six members and his first impression was not at all favourable.
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Why did Hitler's opinions of the German Workers' Party change? How did he progress through the party?
He found he agreed with many of the group's ideas. Weeks after first discovering the party he became a member. The leader of the party spotted Hitlers talent as a propagandist. By Feb 1920 he was helping drat the party's programme.
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When and where was Hitler born?
In 1889 in Austria.
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What did Adolf Hitler's father do?
He was a customs official.
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What was Hitler's opinion of his parents?
He disliked his father but worshipped his mother.
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When did Hitler's mother and father die?
Father - when Hitler was fourteen, Mother - when he was eighteen.
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When did Hitler develop the majority of his political views?
When he was in Vienna. These views shaped the policies of the Nazi party. In particular he developed his violent hatred of the Jews. (Anti-semitism)
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What is there little evidence of in Hitlers childhood?
That he possessed outstanding behaviour or ability - he was a failure at school.
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What did Hitler do once his mother died?
He went to live in Vienna, and tried to earn a living as an artist. He was very poor and lived in hostels. At one point he lived as a builder's labourer, but lost his job when a Jewish trade-union official discovered he wasn't a member of the union.
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What did Hitler do after the First World War?
Returned to Munich, he was still employed by the army. His job was to run evening classes in political education for them. He had to check up on various extremist groups which flourished in Munich at that time&if necessary to counter their propaganda
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What was Hitler's opinion after Germany's defeat in 1918?
He was left extremely bitter. Like many other soldiers he blamed the defeat on the Communists and Jews who he felt had 'stabbed Germany in the back'
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Where was Hitler and when was the armistice and the German revolution?
November 1918 - and Hitler was in hospital because he was badly gassed.
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Where was Hitler when WW1 broke out? What did this lead him to do?
Living in Munich - he joined the German Army immediately.
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When did WW1 break out? and end?
July 28th 1914 - 11th November 1918
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Describe Hitler's position in WW1.
A good soldier, who won medals for his bravery. His officers noticed how good a speaker he was - he was given the job of countering enemy propaganda whenever leaflets were showered on German trenches.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


When did Heinrich Himmler join the Nazi party?



Card 3


When did Ernst Röhm join the Nazi party?


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Card 4


When did Josef Goebbels join the Nazi party?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


When did Rudolf Hess join the Nazi party?


Preview of the front of card 5
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Not too helpful when it comes to the exam.

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