History: How did Germans react to the Treaty?

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What did the treaty of versailles do to the new government?
Greatly weakened it.
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What did many Germans believe about the war?
That they never really lost it.
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How encouraged germans to believe they never lost the war? What did he say?
Army leaders like Ludendorff, he said the army would have fought on to preserve Germany's honour, if only weak politicians and Communist revolutionaries had not demanded peace.
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What was the myth that developed in Germany about the what the army felt weak politicians had done to them?
That they had been 'stabbed in the back'
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Who did right-wingers who looked back fondly on the prewar days when Germany was powerful blame?
The new democratic government for making peace.
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What did the Treaty become a symbol of?
Germany's humiliation and defeat.
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What posed a great threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic?
The resentment that many Germans had towards the Treaty.
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Which group in Germany, who was unhappy with the treaty, was the most important?
The army
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Why did the army hate the treaty? Who did they blame? What did they do?
They hated the restrictions placed on the army, and blamed the government for having agreed to them. The army was reduced, but many of the demobbed soldiers simply joined the Freikorps.
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What were the Allies worried about by early 1920? What did they do about it?
The size of Germanys unofficial forces (e.g. Freikorps) They put pressure on Germany to disband them, so as to obey the limit of 100,000 men required by the treaty.
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What happened on the day (March 1920) when the government tried to disband the unofficial forces in Germany, as ordered to by the allies.
Freikorp units led by Wolfgang Kapp marched into Berlin and declared a new national government. The army did not try to stop them.
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Who did the German government appeal for help from to help deal with the Freikorps?
The workers as the army weren't going to save them.
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What did the workers do to help end the Kapp Putsch?
They went on strike - it was so successful that the Kapp Putsch collapsed within days as public services ground to a halt.
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Were the people who participated in the Kapp putsch punished? Why?
No, without the support of the army, the government could do little against them.
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What is the title of the event that took place in March 1920?
The Kapp Putsch.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did many Germans believe about the war?

Back

That they never really lost it.

Card 3

Front

How encouraged germans to believe they never lost the war? What did he say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the myth that developed in Germany about the what the army felt weak politicians had done to them?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who did right-wingers who looked back fondly on the prewar days when Germany was powerful blame?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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