History Fact Test 3 - Berlin Wall

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The East German government was unpopular and many people started leaving to go to the West - how many people moved between 1949 and 1961?
2.7 million people
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By August 1961 how many people a day were leaving the west?
3000 people
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Why did Berlin become the centre of this problem?
It was easy to cross the city to the western side.
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Krushchev was worried - what did he do in 1958?
Declare the whole of Berlin belonged to East Germany and gave the USA 6 months to get their troops out.
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List the 4 summits attend by USA and USSR to resolve the issue of Berlin.
Geneva (May 1959), Camp David (September 1959), Paris (May 1960) and Viena (June 1961).
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The USA would not give in to Khrushchev's demands - instead it seemed war was near. What amount did Kennedy commint to defence spending in 1961?
$3.2 million
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Khrushchev did not want to go to war so his answer was to build a wall around West Berli. When was the wall first erected?
12th August 1961
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The wall took months to build. When it was complete what was it made up of?
A heavily guarded wall, watch towers and a death strip.
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What did Kennedy say about the wall?
'A wall is a hell of a lot better than a war'
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How many people were killed attempting to cross the wall?
170 people
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How many people are thought to have escaped successfully?
5000 people
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List 3 impacts of the wall.
It stopped East Germands escaping to the west, it allowed Khrushchev to avoid war but still appeared strong and the wall became a powerful symbol of the division of Europe.
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What famous words did Kennedy give in his speech when he visited Berlin in 1963?
Ich bin ein Berliner
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Card 2

Front

By August 1961 how many people a day were leaving the west?

Back

3000 people

Card 3

Front

Why did Berlin become the centre of this problem?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Krushchev was worried - what did he do in 1958?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

List the 4 summits attend by USA and USSR to resolve the issue of Berlin.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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