History: Did the Nazis Win the Hearts and Minds of the German People?

Talk about 'attempted coup d'état'
The Nazis couldn't be voted out. The only way to get rid of a dictator like Hitler was a coup d'état: killing or imprisoning the leader and replacing him with an alternative leader
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Talk about 'Underground resistance and open opposition'
People campaign against the government or deliberately disrupt its policies
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Talk about 'Passive resistance'
People are prepared to publicly declare their opposition by not co-operating with the Nazis
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Talk about 'Private Grumbling'
People grumble among family, friends or colleagues at work and in private, but never in the hearing of someone who might report them to the Nazis.
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How much 'attempted coup d'état'' was there in Nazi Germany?
Hardly any
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How much 'Underground resistance and open opposition' was there in Nazi Germany?
Not a lot
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How much 'Passive resistance' was there in Nazi Germany?
Quite common
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How much 'Private Grumbling' was there in Nazi Germany?
Very widespread
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Talk about the amount of attempted coup d'état in detail.
Through the first ten years of Nazi rule there were no attempted coups. It was only in the last years of the war (when the regime was collapsing anyway due to war effort) that plots against Hitler gathered any support.
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Who helped the Jews?
Pastor Grueber
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Talk about the amount of Underground resistance and open opposition in detail.
Working-class groups produced anti-government leaflets. There was sabotage of factories, railways and army depots. Some Germans acted as spies passing on industrial/military secrets to other countries.
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Talk about the amount of Underground resistance and open opposition in churches. What did they do?
There were a number of leaders who openly criticised the Nazi dictatorship. They led a public outcry against Euthanasia, and got it stopped.
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Talk about what happened when critics of the government could be arrested, tortured and even executed.
The opponents preferred to get involved in underground opposition movements rather than publicly oppose the Nazis.
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Talk about the amount of Passive resistance in detail.
Many refused 2 join the Party,some refused 2 give Heil Hitler salute:a few were even executed.Some refused 2 contribute 2 Nazi funds.Members of banned parties met in secret throughout 30s,although such meetings could result in imprisonment/execution
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How many meetings of underground socialist groups did the Gestapo reportedly break up in 1936?
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What does all evidence suggest ordinary Germans greatly resent? Give three examples.
Many aspects of the Nazi regime - the intrusion into people's private lives; the bully-boy tactics of the SA; the grating propaganda.
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Talk about why the Block Warden was seen as a pest.
When he came round collecting money or promoting he latest Nazi scheme people would pay up or sign up - but only for an easy life.
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Why did people attend endless meetings, parades, and demonstrations?
Because there jobs might depend on it.
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Give eight reasons why private grumbling didn't turn into open opposition.
Germans were afraid,the opposition was divided,people did not know what was going on,people were pleased were the Nazis,quibbles were minor,the Nazis did drop unpopular policies,'We did vote for them, after all' and there was no organised opposition
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Explain 'Germans were afraid'
**&Gestapo could destroy peoples lives if they didnt toe the line.Nazis wanted peoples hearts&minds,but as long as people didnt rock the boat&kept groans&grumbles became open opposition then the apparatus of police state was there to deal with it.
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Explain 'The opposition was divided'
Left wing groups were the natural enemies, they were banned in 1933. However, these groups didn't trust each other and so didn't co-operate. Each resisted in different ways.
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Explain 'People did not know what was going on'
Censorship and propaganda stopped people receiving reliable information. Some of the extremes of Nazi policy were kept secret. Those who did suspect had learned not to ask questions for fear of their own lives.
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Explain 'People were pleased with the Nazis'
Many German people were genuinely pleased with what the Nazis were doing. Even if they didn't agree with something the Nazis did they would tolerate it for the sake of the stability and prosperity they believed the Nazis were creating.
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Explain 'Quibbles were minor'
Even those who were dissatisfied with the Nazis often had very minor criticisms. For example, in Northeim the decision to merge the four sports clubs into one raised much more opposition than the victimisation of the Jews.
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Explain 'The Nazis did drop unpopular policies'
Nazis did sometimes moderate their policies if they seemed to be alternating ordinary Germans, In 1938 Kristallnacht produced such widespread condemnation among ordinary Germans that from then on all measures against the Jews were kept secret.
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Explain 'We did vote for them, after all'
Because the Nazis had achieved electoral success, most Germans (and most people in other countries) saw the Nazis as having the legal authority to do what they wanted.
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Explain 'There was no organised opposition'
Since the Nazis had dismantled/taken over virtually all other organisations, there were no groups which people could join to resist them. The main exception was the Christian Church, and they formed some of the most public opposition.
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How did the social democrats resist the Nazis?
They met in small groups, spoke, and started whispering campaigns against the Nazis.
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How did the communists resist the Nazis?
They assumed the Nazis would fall like previous governments. Later they decided on a more active campaign of spreading discontent among factory workers.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Talk about 'Underground resistance and open opposition'


People campaign against the government or deliberately disrupt its policies

Card 3


Talk about 'Passive resistance'


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Talk about 'Private Grumbling'


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


How much 'attempted coup d'état'' was there in Nazi Germany?


Preview of the front of card 5
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