History 2

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What changes were made to fields in the village after the agricultural revolution?
Individual farms were enclosed and separated. Ther were less distances between plots of land
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What were the four main changes in agriculture?
Enclosure, four course rotation, selective breeding, new inventions
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What did Kay invent and when?
Flying shuttle,1733
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What did Hargraves invent and when?
Spinning Jenny,1764
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What did Arkwright invent and when?
Water Frame,1769
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What did Crompton invent and when?
Mule,1779
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What did Cartwright invent and when?
Power Loom,1785
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Why were machines needed in textiles?
To produce more clothes for the growing population
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What was the factory act of 1833?
Children between 9 and 14 were restricted to 8 hours of work with 2 hours of education. Under 18s were restricted to 12 hours. Four factory inspectors were appointed.
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What happened in 1902 (suffragettes)?
Emmeline Pankhurst started the women's social and political union with her daughter Christabel. They wanted votes for women.
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What happened in 1909 (suffragettes)?
An imprisoned suffragette went on hunger strike. At first the government ignored this but later they force fed prisoners.
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What happened in 1910 (suffragettes)?
Black Friday march on Parliament
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What happened in 1912 (suffragettes)?
There were attempts in parliament to give votes to women however not everyone agreed
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What happened in 1913 (suffragettes)?
The campaign got more violent. The government announced a cat and mouse act. It let hunger strikers be released so they could get better then they would be put back into prison once they were healthy
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What happened in 1914 (suffragettes)?
Mrs Pankhurst told suffragettes to stop all actions to help with the war
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What were some militant deeds carried out by the suffragettes?
burning political buildings, slashing paintings in art galleries, marches,chaining themselves to buildings.
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How did the war help women?
It gave them more freedom as they could do jobs that only men did before. They proved that they could contribute to their country and got votes for women
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Who were in the triple alliance?
Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy
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Who were in the triple entente?
France, Britain and Russia
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What happened on 28 July (ww1)?
Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
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What happened on 29 July (ww1)?
Russia mobilized her army to support Serbia
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What happened on 1 August (ww1)?
Germany declared war on Russia
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What happened on 3 August (ww1)?
Germany declared war on France
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What happened on 4 August (ww1)?
Germany invaded Belgium, Britain declared war on Germany
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What happened on 6 August (ww1)?
Austria-Hungary declared war on Russia
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Where is Ypres situated?
In Belgium, near the French border. It used to be called Flanders
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What happened in the first battle of Ypres?
Took place between 12 October and 11 November 1914. The BEF resisted the Germans at a cost of 50000 men. The Germans lost twice as many. The channel ports were saved for Britain and allies and supplies could be readily transported to France.
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What happened in the seond battle of Ypres?
April 1915. Germans set off 168 tons of Chlorine gas whcih killed 5000 allied troops and injured 10,000. Gas attacks were used by both sided however it often back fired and the wind blew it backwards onto the troops.
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What happened in the third battle of Ypres?
1917. French and British fought in the most terrible conditions around Ypres and the village of Passchendale. The summer mud was deep and many soldiers drowned. The allies and Canadians captured Passchendale but 5 months after the Germans recaptured.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What were the four main changes in agriculture?

Back

Enclosure, four course rotation, selective breeding, new inventions

Card 3

Front

What did Kay invent and when?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Hargraves invent and when?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Arkwright invent and when?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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