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  • Created by: ER2014
  • Created on: 14-05-15 17:36
What does suffrage mean?
The right to vote.
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Who was the leader of the suffragists?
Millicent Fawcett.
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What does NUWSS stand for?
National Union of Womens Suffrage Societies.
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Who used peaceful methods to protest, such as banners or marches?
Suffragists.
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When was the NUWSS formed?
1897.
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Emmeline Pankhurst was lthe leader of...?
Suffragettes.
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Who used aggressive protest?
Suffragettes.
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The suffragettes formed what?
Womens Social and Political Union.
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When was the WSPU formed?
1903.
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What kind of things did the suffragettes do in their protesting?
Burnt churches and smashed paintings.
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Who said Like a glacier, slow but unstoppable.
Millicent Fawcett.
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What did Emmeline Pankhurst say?
Deeds not words.
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Why were the suffragettes formed?
The suffragists had a lack of progress, so more aggressive tactics were needed.
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What happened to people who protested violently?
They were thrown in prison but created publicity. They also showed commitment and passion.
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What did women do in the war?
They stopped campaigning and got men to fight.
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What did the Mothers Union do?
They forced their sons to fight and gave white feathers to cowards.
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What got people to sign up and fight?
Propaganda posters.
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What was the pals battalions?
Groups of friends or workmates who fought together.
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Men between 18 and 45 had to fight. The word is...
Conscription.
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What was the western front in France?
A line of trenches.
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What was life like in the trenches?
Boring. Most people wrote letters or cleaned their rifles.
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What was a psychological problem soldiers got?
Shell shock.
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What was going over the top?
The soldiers would climb out and go across No-Mans land to the enemy.
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When did the Battle of the Somme take place?
July 1916.
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How many casualties were there on the first day?
55000.
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How long was the bombardment on the German trenches?
One week.
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Why was the Battle a failure?
Lots of British troops were killed. A small piece of land was taken. Military leaders lost confidence.
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Why was it a success?
Slow steady take of territory. Lots of German troops were killed. Verdun was saved.
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Why was the machine gun effective?
It had rapid fire.
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Name one make of a rifle.
Lee Enfield.
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What is a bayonet?
A long knife attached to a rifle.
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What were the different types of gas used?
Chlorine- suffocate lungs. Mustard- produce blisters and raw lungs.
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What were conscientious objectors?
People who did not fight for political or religious reasons.
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What does DORA stand for?
Defence of the Realm Act.
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What happened when the USA entered?
There was more US manpower and industry.
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Who surrendered in the defeat of Germany's allies?
Bulgarians- 29th September 1918. Turkey- 30th October 1918.
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There was no breakthrough and the Germans became weaker. What did this lead to?
Failure of the Ludendorff offensive.
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What about the British naval blockade?
Germany was short of food and supplies so there were riots and strikes.
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Why did the tanks win the war?
They were used by the British and forced a gap in the German trenches.
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When was the Treaty of Versailles signed?
1919.
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Who were the Big 3?
Lloyd George- British. Woodrow Wilson- American. Georges Clemenceau- French.
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What was a DIKTAT?
Dictated peace.
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What happened when Germany lost territory?
They lost important industrial areas and it was a major blow to their pride and economy.
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What about the military restrictions?
The army was reduced to 100k men. It was seen as humiliating.
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What happened with the war guilt and reparations?
They did not think it was fair and were forced to pay. They had to pay £6, 600 million.
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How did Hitler's foreign policy lead to war?
His actions were aggressive towards other countries. Britain and France could see that Hitler was trying to gain dominance, but they had had enough. They declared war on Hitler/ Germany.
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How did appeasement contribute to war?
It gave Hitler confidence to push for more.
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What happened with the Munich Agreement in 1938?
Hitler could have the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia but could not have anything else. He took the rest of Czechoslovakia but Britain and France allowed it. When Hitler invaded Poland, they had had enough and declared war.
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How did the Nazi- Soviet contribute to the war?
Hitler could invade Poland because he did not need to fight the Russians.
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When did Hitler and Stalin sign the pact?
23rd August 1939.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was the leader of the suffragists?

Back

Millicent Fawcett.

Card 3

Front

What does NUWSS stand for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who used peaceful methods to protest, such as banners or marches?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When was the NUWSS formed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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