Causes of the cold war

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Who were the big 3 at Yalta?
Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill
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What date did the big 3 meet at Yalta?
4th February 1945
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At Yalta how many zone was it agreed to split Germany into?
Four
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What was the name of the government proposed at Yalta for Poland?
The government of national utility
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What was the Declaration of Liberated Europe?
Agreement to allow free elections in eastern european countries
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How had Stalin broken a promise agreed at Yalta by the time Potsdam took place?
He had arrested many Polish non-communist leaders
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What did Truman keep secret from Stalin at Potsdam?
The invention of the atomic bomb
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How many Soviet citizens died during the Second World War?
20 million
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What did Stalin want as a guarantee against future attack?
A buffer zone of friendly states around Russia
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What was the Soviet army called?
The Red Army
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What did Churchill concede by the so-called percentages agreement?
a Soviet "sphere of influence" by the so-called percentages agreement.
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How did the communists take power in Bulgaria?
The communists took power in Bulgaria by executing non-communists
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How did the communists take power in Poland?
took power in Poland by inviting non-communist leaders to Moscow and arresting them.
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Who led the communists in Hungary?
Rakosi
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What secret police organisation arrested all Rakosi's opponents in Hungary?
AVO arrested all Rakosi's opponents in Hungary.
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Who led the communists in Czechoslovakia?
Gottwald
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When was the German Democratic Republic set up in the Soviet-controlled zone of East Germany?
1949
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Why did Truman decide to get involved in Greece?
The British could no longer afford to keep soldiers there
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What was the Truman Doctrine?
Containment of communism
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When did Truman make his Truman Doctrine speech to Congress?
March 1947
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What did General George Marshall decide after he had visited Europe?
All Europe was so poor it was about to turn communist
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How much did Truman ask Congress for?
$17 billion
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What do the letters ERP stand for?
European Recovery Programme
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What event prompted Congress to vote to allocate money for the Marshall Plan in March 1948?
Czechoslovakia turned communist
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What proportion of Marshall Aid was spent on goods supplied by US suppliers?
70%
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How did American cartoonists portray Marshall Aid?
As a generous gift from the US taxpayer to help Europe get going.
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Card 2

Front

What date did the big 3 meet at Yalta?

Back

4th February 1945

Card 3

Front

At Yalta how many zone was it agreed to split Germany into?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the name of the government proposed at Yalta for Poland?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What was the Declaration of Liberated Europe?

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