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What were Jim Crow Laws?
Laws which introduced segregation and discrimination in southern states
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What did Jim Crow Laws do?
Segregated against black people in schools, parks, hospitals, public places, they were not allowed to vote and had to pass a literacy test.
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What was segregation like in the north in 1930's?
NYC did not have segregation laws but racism was still commonplace. During 1920's thousands migrated from southern states. (Great migration) HOWEVER, Jazz bought fame to black singers such as Louis Armstrong. Harlem Renaissance -artists, writers, etc
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What was the NAACP?
Formed in 1909- fighting against racial injustice throughout 1930-40's.
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What did the NAACP do in 1930?
Successfully blocked the nomination of Judge John Parker a known racists to be appointed to the supreme court.
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What did the NAACP do during the War?
pressued Roosevelt into ordering a non-discrimination policy in war related industries and federal employment
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Who did the NAACP employ?
Thurgood Marshall - black lawyer to fight against segregation in education. He secured equal salaries for teachers. Supreme court ruled that blacks had the right to same quality of graduate education as whites
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KKK - 1930-40
1930 - membership was just 30,000 1940 - still active - in 1946 15000 people marched to licoln memorial
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During the war membership of the NAACP rose from 50,000 (1941) to?
450,000 (1945)
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What happened in 1941-42?
The forces opened all positions to qualified black people
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At the end of 1944 how many Black people were working in factories?
2 million
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What were 'black-only' untis called in ww2?
Jim Crow Armies.
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What wouldn't the US airforce accept?
Black pilots - until the formation of an african-american 332nd fighter group known as the Tuskegee airmen; by end of war there was 1000 black pilots.
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What did Black Americans begin?
Double V Campiagn - victory over fascism abroad and discrimination at home.
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What was WOW and WAC?
Womans Ordinance Work and Womans Army Corps.
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What was the Brown V Topeka?
1952- 1954. Linda Brown has to walk 20 blocks to school when there was a white pupils school scloser. Oliver Brown (father) with help from NAACP took board of education to court. Then to supreme court. 1954- racial segregation in schools banned
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What was the Little Rock high?
9 African Americans attempted to enter white only schools in little rock. Governor Faubus, stopped them with national guard. Eisenhower sent 1000 troops to protect students. 8/9 students graduated.
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What did the Little Rock case show?
That the president could and would enforce court orders with troops and it brought publicity to the injustices or segregation.
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What percentage of African Americans attened multi racial schools in 1964?
2%
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What year was the James Meredith case?
1962
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Jim Crow Laws do?

Back

Segregated against black people in schools, parks, hospitals, public places, they were not allowed to vote and had to pass a literacy test.

Card 3

Front

What was segregation like in the north in 1930's?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was the NAACP?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did the NAACP do in 1930?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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