HIstory

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  • Created by: Harry
  • Created on: 08-04-14 09:25
Axiomatic
Based on a principle that is considered to be self-evident truth
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Berlin wall
Built in 1961by Ulbricht and Honecker. Used to halt the flood of refugees escaping from the East to West of Berlin
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Brinkmanship
The policy of threatening to use nuclear weapons and going to the brink of nuclear war in order to put pressure on your opponent in the hope that they back down
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Comecon
Set up in 1949 to coordinate the economies of communist countries. It was a reaction to Marshall aid
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Cominform
Set up in 1947to coordinate communist parties throughout Europe
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Comintern
Set up in 1919 to facilitate contacts between communist groups throughout the world
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Containment
The US policy of actively seeking to prevent communism. Promoted by the Long Telegram and became the basis of Truman's foreign policy
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Coup d'etat
A violent or illegal takeover of government
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De-Stalinisation
The attempt by Khrushchev to move away from Stalin's policies. He criticised Stalin's reign of terror and encouraged Eastern Europe to push for change (Secret Speech 1956)
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Detente
A more permanent relaxation in tension. The term used to describe improved relatioons after the Cuban Missle Crisis until 1979
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Dispositional
Refers to an explanation based on naturalinclination and temperament
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Dollar imperialism
A term used by MOlotov to describe Marshall aid. He saw it as a mechanism by which the USA would exert its dominance over Europe
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German Democratic Republic (GDR)
Aslso known as East Germany . The name of the communist state established in 1949
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Gerentocracy
Rule by the elderly. Describes the Soviet leadership in the years 1980-1985
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'Hot line' telephone link
A system of direct communication between the leaders of the USA and the USSR. Set up in 1963 after the Cuban Missile Crisis
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Imperialism
Building an empire or dependent states
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Iron Curtain
The name given to the figurative line that divided the communist East from the capitalist West in Europe. Used in a spech in 1946 at Fulton, Missouri by Chruchill
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Iron Fist
A term used by Truman to describe a tougher approach to the USSR. A reaction to Truman's approach as it was deemed to soft
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Marshall Plan
A plan to provide American financial support to war-torn Europe. Drawn up by the Secretary of State in 1947. All countires in Europe were eligible but it was made impossible for the communist states to apply
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McCarthyism
The wave of anti-communist feeling that spread through the USA in the early 1950s
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Military-industrial complex
The powerful bloc created by links bewteen the armed forces and those sectors of the economy reliant on defence orders
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NATO
The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation. Formed in 1949
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New Look
The name of Eisenhower's foreign policy that took a hard line againt communism based on an increased role for nuclear weapons to further containment
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Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
Signed in 1963. A treaty that banned the testing of nuclear weapons above ground and below water. Testing underground was permitted and France and China did not sign.
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Ping-pong diplomacy
The term given to the contatcs between the chinese and US governments in 1971 whereby sporting links between the two countries were used as opportunities to start diplomacy
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Roll back
The policy of pushing back the frontiers of communism and liberating states where communism had been imposed by force. A more assertive stnace on containment
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SEATO
Formed in 1954. The South East Asian Treaty Organisation. Designed to restrict communist expansion in that area
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The Thaw
The term given to the easing of superpower relations that occured after the death of Stalin in 1953 and came to an end with the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962.
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The Velvet Revolution
A term used to describe the collapse of communism in Czechoslovakia in 1989. Brought about by widespread demonstrations but little violence
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Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
March 1918. The treaty that the Bolsheviks signed with Germnay in order to pull Russia out of the First World War
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Truman Doctrine
A policy statement issued by Truman in 1947. It stated that the USA would aid any country or government under attack by armed minorities
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Warmonger
Someone who wishes to provoke war. Stalin accused Churchill of this after his Iron Curtain speech
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Warsaw Pact
The organisation set up in 1955 to coordinate the military forces of the Soviet Bloc in Eastern Europe
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Massive retaliation
A phrase popularised by Dulles, Eisenhower's Secretary of State. It implied the use (or threat) of nuclear action against any aggressive move by the Communist Bloc
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Militarised counter-revolution
The policies implemented by Reagan to undermine the forces of communism. A much more aggressive strategy tham Carter's and included extensive re-arming and providing covert help to those fighting against communist forces or governments
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Berlin Blockade
First major crisis of the Cold War. Stalin severed all road, rail and canal links with West Berlin after the the Western powers created a new Deutsche Mark for their zones.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Built in 1961by Ulbricht and Honecker. Used to halt the flood of refugees escaping from the East to West of Berlin

Back

Berlin wall

Card 3

Front

The policy of threatening to use nuclear weapons and going to the brink of nuclear war in order to put pressure on your opponent in the hope that they back down

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Set up in 1949 to coordinate the economies of communist countries. It was a reaction to Marshall aid

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Set up in 1947to coordinate communist parties throughout Europe

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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