History - USA - The changing political environment key terms

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Separation of powers
Laws were made by a legislative group (Congress), carried out by an executive group (the President and his administration) and enforced by a judicial group (the Supreme Court.)
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Congress
The law making body of the USA. It has two elected bodies; the Senate and the House of Representatives, that both have to agree to laws before they become active.
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Tarriffs
Taxes put on goods going into, or out of, a country to encourage or discourage trading abroad.
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Hire purchase
Buying goods on credit.
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Laissez-faire
French for 'leave well alone'. This policy meant minimal government interference.
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Anarchist
A person who believes in overthrowing established governments and letting people run their own lives without a formal government.
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Wall Street Crash
When the US stock market crashed, sending the US and other countries into a Depression.
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Korean War, 1950-53
A war that began when North Korea (supplied and advised by the USSR) invaded South Korea.
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HUAC
House Un-American Activities Commission. Set up in 1938, made permanent in 1945, investigated people for 'un-American' activities, focusing on communists.
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Positive Discrimination
Preferential treatment in employment, education, social welfare or other areas of life, given to minority groups that have suffered from discrimination in order to redress inequality.
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The Vietnam War, 1954-75
A war between the communist North Vietnam and its non communist neighbour, South Vietnam.
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GNP
Gross National Product; the value of all goods and services produced by the people in a country in a year, plus income from abroad.
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The League of Nations
An organisation formed at the end of WW1, set up for international co-operation and to help its member states settle their differences peacefully, rather than going to war.
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The Great Depression
The economic collapse that hit the US in 1929.
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American Civil War, 1961-65
Fought between the Northern states (Yankees) and the Southern states (Rebs) over the issues of slavery and whether to become one nation or continue as separate states. Southern states wanted to stay separate and continue slavery.
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Deep South
Parts of the South mainly given over to cotton plantations and so heavily dependent on slave labour before the civil war; Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Tennessee.
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Republicans
The Republican Party came to be associated with the ideas of minimal government intervention in business and daily life, low taxes and conservative social policies
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Democrats
The Democratic Party was associated with the ideas of civil rights, unions in the workplace and progressive reform. After the 1930s, they became associated with government intervention for social and economic reform.
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Rugged Individualism
People who could look after themselves would make their own way in the world.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The law making body of the USA. It has two elected bodies; the Senate and the House of Representatives, that both have to agree to laws before they become active.

Back

Congress

Card 3

Front

Taxes put on goods going into, or out of, a country to encourage or discourage trading abroad.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Buying goods on credit.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

French for 'leave well alone'. This policy meant minimal government interference.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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