History Unit 2 USSR Yeltsin 1991 Government

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Yeltsin as the first President of Russia DATE
1991-1999
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What was Yeltsin unhappy with ? DATE
1987, unhappy that desired reforms wer enot carried out by Gorbachev
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When was he removed from the Politburo and why?
February 1988 when he openly criticized Gorbachev
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How did he challange Gorbachev (5)
He established links, appealed to public for sympathy and support, Congress of Peoples Deputies in 1989, Using his position in the COPD, encourgaed nationalist movements
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He established links
with other reformers & critics of Gorbachev during his time out of the spotlight
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Appealed to public for sympathy and support
Attacks on G and his policies held in an area with television coverage, met with leader of Orthadox church, visited striking miners, organised demonstrations
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How many people supported him by 1991?
200'000
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G's decision to have elections for the COPD DATE
1989, Y mayor of Moscow, used his position to organise demonstrations, 89% voted for him, gave claim to legitimacy (G never had), given a platform to attack G,
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What did Yeltsin realise at the election for COPD?
His efforts would make no change until Communism was over within the central government
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Using his position in the COPD
Attack Soviet government, Democratic Russia movement gave people votes in cities (not countryside), made him chairman of congress in May 1990,
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Encouraged nationalist movements in non-Russian republics
Further reduction of influence of central government and Gorbachev
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Novo-Ogarevo Agreement DATE
1991, basis of G's union treaty (never signed), said all republics would have their own government (less centralised system, Y and G joined forces
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August Coup
1991, Conservatives who did not want reform within the Communist Party, wanted to preserve the Soviet Union
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Who lead the August Coup?
Conservatives within communist party, Gennady Yanaev (vice minister), Vladimir Kryochw (head of KGB), Dimitri Yazhov,
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What did they do?
Some leading army officers declared a state of emergency,
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Why did the Coup happen?
G was on holiday, Conservatives lied to the public and said G was sick
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What did the revolutionaries say about G?
He was sick, in reality locked him into his house and took over the communist state
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What measures did they introduce?
ban on strikes and demonstrations, tanks ordered onto streets of Moscow to uphold law and order, wanted the Communist state back
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How did the Coup enhance Yeltsins standing?
Y was now on G's side because he thought the leading revolutionaries were worse, enhanced reputation of his freedom reforms, demanded G's return to position, looked like he used the opportunity for self seeking publicity
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How did it help him to speed up measures that would lead to the collapse of the Soviet Union?
launched program of market reform, Summer 1991 monopoly of communism had come to an end (G introduced this), free to establish democratic reform movement, Nov 1991 he banned communist party within Russia
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End of the Union Treaty (never signed) Novo-Ogarevo
doubtful it would survive after August coup, showed danger of action by conservatives , Ukranian President did not want to sign the treaty
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What did Yeltsin arrange in 1991?
he followed suit in November and arranged a common wealth independant state (no central government), implemented in Dec 1991
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Card 2

Front

1987, unhappy that desired reforms wer enot carried out by Gorbachev

Back

What was Yeltsin unhappy with ? DATE

Card 3

Front

February 1988 when he openly criticized Gorbachev

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

He established links, appealed to public for sympathy and support, Congress of Peoples Deputies in 1989, Using his position in the COPD, encourgaed nationalist movements

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

with other reformers & critics of Gorbachev during his time out of the spotlight

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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