History: The Homefront

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  • Created by: ja7sa096
  • Created on: 25-04-16 18:48
What is a total war?
A war that involves all of society, not just the armed forces
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What was the attitude to war at the beginning of WW1?
Strong anti-german feeling, recruitment campaign- highly successful, great adventure
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What is conscription?
Compulsory enlistment for state service, typically into the armed forces
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How were civilians affected by the war?
Recruitment, DORA, reduced workforce, rationing, propaganda, civilian casualties
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How did recruitment affect civilians?
1916- conscription, conscientious objectors imprisoned, women recruited into the armed forces as nurses/drivers/cooks/telephonists
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What was DORA and how did it affect civilians?
Passed in 1914, allowed the government to take over the coal mines, railways and shipping, could seize any land/buildings/industries, censorship
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What other types of jobs did conscientious objectors do?
Medics, helped survivors, stretcher bearers, aid and relief work
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Why was conscription introduced?
Number of volunteers falling, recruitment was low but demand for soldiers was high, volunteer system was unfair, fittest and able men not volunteering,
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What did Lloyd George introduce?
State-run munitions factories
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Why did the Government work with trade unions?
To prevent strikes
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Why was there a reduced workforce?
So many men left to join the army
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What was rationing?
A fixed allowance for sugar, meat, butter, jam and tea was introduced in 1918
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What is propaganda?
Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view.
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What was propaganda used for?
To encourage men to join the army, censorship
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What pacifist newspaper was shut down?
The Tribunal
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What events made civilian causalities?
57 zeppelin bombing raids after 1915, and the German navy shelled Hartlepool, Whitby and Scarborough.
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How did women help with recruitment?
Recruited as nurses, drivers, cooks and telephonists
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How did women help with DORA?
Munitionettes worked in munition factories
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How did women help with the reduced workforce?
Took on traditional men's jobs and became firemen, coalmen and bus conductors.
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How did women help with rationing?
Women's Land Army helped with agricultural production
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What political changes did the war bring for women?
Women over 30 years old got the vote in 1918. Women over 21 years old got the vote in 1928. Women were also allowed to stand for election as MPs, but there were only eight women MPs in 1923.
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What social changes did the war bring for women?
More liberated, short hair, short skirts, smoke in public
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was the attitude to war at the beginning of WW1?

Back

Strong anti-german feeling, recruitment campaign- highly successful, great adventure

Card 3

Front

What is conscription?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How were civilians affected by the war?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did recruitment affect civilians?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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