History Paper 1 - Start of the Cold War

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Who was at the Yalta conference?
Churchill, Roosevelt (FDR) and Stalin.
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How likely was the wartime alliance between USA, USSR and GB against Hitler?
Not very likely but had common enemy - Hitler. USA and GB democratic, USSR communist.
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What are Churchill's feelings at Yalta?
Suspicious of Stalin, thanks he wants Eastern Europe to be communist. Wants to protect democracy in Eastern Europe, that's why Britain went to war in 1939.
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What are FDR's feelings at Yalta?
Open to what Stalin wants. Focused on peace in Europe. Ill and tired man, would be dead 2 months later.
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What are Stalin's feelings at Yalta?
Russia wants payback from Germany (WW2). Wants to punish Germany and make it weak.
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When was the Yalta conference?
February 1945
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What happened at Yalta?
Agreed when Germany was defeated it would be split into 4. Berlin also split into 4. (USSR, USA, GB, France).Yalta was a framework agreement. USSR feared invasions so want friendly communist countries around it. Future free elections in Poland.
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When was the Potsdam conference?
July/August 1945
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Who was at Potsdam?
Stalin, Truman and Attlee.
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What were Attlee's feelings at Potsdam?
He would follow Truman's lead in most things.
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What were Truman's feelings at Potsdam?
Hates communism, very suspicious of Stalin. Wants to make the western part of Germany strong because fears communist attack from East.
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What were Stalin's feelings at Potsdam?
Wants Germany weak, take Germany's wealth back to USSR. Russia historically fears invasion from west do Stalin fears strong Germany.
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What happened at Potsdam?
2 replacements (Attlee and Truman) hate Stalin and communism. Midway through the conference USA drop newly invented nuclear bomb on Japan. Russia refused free elections in Poland. Disagreements over Germany - Russia want weak, America want strong.
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Iron Curtain Speech
Speech made by Churchill, said here was a line across country partitioning communism and democracy. Went to USA because Truman in audience.
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Truman Doctrine
Truman promised to contain communism but it didn't work. Helped to prevent Greece from going communist.
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Marshall Plan
Giving money to Eastern Europe to protect against communism. Soviets see this as undermining communism.
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Berlin Blockade
USSR block small part of Berlin so that it has to rely on Russia. Stalin wanted to starve Berlin, blocked roads and rail links. No ships can get in.
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Berlin Airlift
Soviet Union move into Eastern Germany. America and Britain lifted goods into the blocked part. USA did this to show that they wouldn't surrender. Truman does this to back up his promise.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Not very likely but had common enemy - Hitler. USA and GB democratic, USSR communist.

Back

How likely was the wartime alliance between USA, USSR and GB against Hitler?

Card 3

Front

Suspicious of Stalin, thanks he wants Eastern Europe to be communist. Wants to protect democracy in Eastern Europe, that's why Britain went to war in 1939.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Open to what Stalin wants. Focused on peace in Europe. Ill and tired man, would be dead 2 months later.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Russia wants payback from Germany (WW2). Wants to punish Germany and make it weak.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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