History of Drum Machines

Rythmicon
Leon Theremin // 1931 // first electronic drum machine // 16 rythms
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Chamberlin Rhythmate
Hary Chamberlin // 1949 // first comercially produced // drum patterns recorded on magnetic tape, played with tape movable head, same principal as the Mellotron
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Wurlitzer Sideman
Wurlitzer corp // 1959 // first mass produced & comercially sucessful // valve technology (like guitar amps) // incoporated into wurlitzer organs
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Rhythm Synth &Bandito the Bongo Artist
1960 & 63 respec // Raymond Scott, a lad // Also composed for disney cartoons // designed precursor to elec sequenecr // instrumental recording series 'soothing sounds for babies' ambinet music pioneering step// home made drum mach, seq and synths
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Seeburg Rhythm Prince and Select-A-Rhythm
SBRP:first desk top drum machine, 1960 // SAR: first fully solid state, 1964, big, built into organs // SAR direct follow on from SBRP, more keys and more presets
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Ace Tone FR-1 Rythm Ace
1965 // stupid name // inspired by select-a-rhtyhm, solid state w keys for presets // drum sounds made from oscillators // incoporated into home organs // mss produced and popular
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Eko Compute Rhythm
1972 // eleite and expensive (Jean Michel Jarre) // seperate 16 stage sequencer, 6 drum sounds each with own volume control (+ master volume) // 1/4 inch jack sockets used tos et up seq mode and trigger, start or stop seq via external device
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Rhythm Producer FR-15 (Ace Tone)
1975 // Ace tones contribution to preset pattern machines // more control over presets allows parts to be muted + variaton on pattens (for first time) and tone control over sound // inc in electric organs // More portable + versitle than FR-1
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PAiA Programmable Drum Set
1975 // possibly first programamble drum machine // used by Peter Gabriel on early solo albums // Drum sounds totlly synthesized using oscillators and filters, no recordings of drum samples at all
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Roland CR-78
As in the name,1978 // first drum machine to use a micro processor // 34 pre-programmed drum patterns, 14 drum sounds // 2 bar step sequencer and some editing of patterns, first time edited patterns can be saved // patterns can be externally trigger
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Linn LM-1
1980 // made by drum machine legend Roger Linn // first to use digital samples of acoustic drums // 13 editable drum sounds w own mixer // cost $5000 holy ****, only for music elite (Stevie Wonder) // rivalry w 808// big influence on future drum mach
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Roland 808
1980//16-step sequencer, can store 32 patterns//designed for studio demons, became its own insturment and development of hiphop//hyped up but inferior to LM-1 bc synth drums//cheaper than LM-1
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Oberhiem DMX
1981//digital programable drum machine//like LM-1 uses acoustic drum sampls//knwon for easy operation and ability to save 100 patterns +50 songs//capable of grooves, fills, flams and weird time sig//like 808 widely used by hiphop/the police, madness
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Cheetah Marketing SpecDrum
1986 // inexpensive, £30 // functions as part of Synclair Spektrum home PC // Similar sounds to LM-1 but w fewer voices and editing functions // patterns/songs saved to cassette tape
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Chamberlin Rhythmate

Back

Hary Chamberlin // 1949 // first comercially produced // drum patterns recorded on magnetic tape, played with tape movable head, same principal as the Mellotron

Card 3

Front

Wurlitzer Sideman

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Rhythm Synth &Bandito the Bongo Artist

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Seeburg Rhythm Prince and Select-A-Rhythm

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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