History Normans

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  • Created by: Sania.zz
  • Created on: 12-05-18 13:45
What did the Justice of the Peace
Ensure the kings peace was kept
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What is the murderum fine ?
Normans who were killed by Saxons would be payed by the entire Saxon community
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How was law enforced in the Anglo Saxon period enforced ?
Mainly through the community. a few examples are the Hue and cry, the Tithings and the Trial by Jury
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Why did Normans have so many castles ?
Having castles gave the Normans a battle advantage and showed authority in England and that control would be kept. The castles were also kept for keeping prisoners in.
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What were the forest Laws?
The forest laws were creared to keep the forests away from poachers. The law meant that no poaching could take place on the land unless their was a license to do so as all the land belonged to the king.
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What was the punishment for heresy?
Burning
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Why was the punishment for Heresy so Harsh?
The monarchy would determine the religion of the country so crimes against religion, would be crimes against the king which is treason.
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What was the Church Sanctuary?
When a crime had been committed by someone they could take protection in the church for 40 days and would have to plead guilty to what they had done. They would then be told to leave the country.
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What was the benefit of the Clergy?
A priest would only be trialed in a Church Court and could not be punished by death
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Who made being a witch illegal?
Henry the 8th
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Name one witch hunter?
Mathew Hopkins
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When was the gunpowder plot planned?
1605
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Why was the Gunpowder plot planned
To overthrow the Government at the time due to the conflict in religous beliefs
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How was Guy Fawkes punished? What method of execution was used?
Hung, Drawn and Quartered
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Name three types of new crimes
Smuggling, Poaching and Vagabonds
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Where was transportation originally to?
America
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What was the minimum sentence when getting the punishment of transportation?
Seven Years
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What was the Bloody Code?
Crimes punishable by death
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What was the Black Act
It became illegal to blacken your face, have dogs in the forest and carrying snares became illegal.
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Why was smuggling not so easy to contain? Give two reasons
1. There was no police force. 2. People wanted the goods because they were sold cheaper and without tax added.
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Why did smuggling decrease?
By the 1780's the government begins to lower the tax rate on goods, therefore there is less need to smuggle in goods.
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What did Highway Men do?
Highway men would rob travelers on the street of their wealth, they often took mail bags n all
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Why was it easy to carry out highway robbery? 2 reasons.
1. There was a lack of policing on dead roads. 2. No banks so people would carry money around with themm
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Why did highway robbery decrease ?
There was an introduction of banks meaning less wealth on the streets
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What were the main reasons for the Bloody Code ending ?
More people wanted punishments which influenced reform instead of straight death. And the use of Public executions became more of a social entertaining thing instead of a detterance.
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When did transportation end??
1868
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One reason why transportation ended?
The development of prisons?
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Name two key figures in the prison system development?
Elizabeth Fry and John Howard
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What was social crime?
Crimes which were illegal but socially acceptable
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What was the fuedal system?
The Fuedal system was a system where the King would be at the top and the peasants at the bottom. Land would be passed down accordingly. It was a basic classing system
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In the Norman rule, who did compensation get payed to?
The king. Originally compensation was given to the victims famiily, however now fines would be paid to the kind for disrupting the kings peace.
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Name one trial that the Normans introduced?
Trial by combat
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What years did the Anglo Saxons rule in?
1000-1066
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When does the Norman age begin?
1066
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Years of the middle ages ?
1200-1500
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the murderum fine ?

Back

Normans who were killed by Saxons would be payed by the entire Saxon community

Card 3

Front

How was law enforced in the Anglo Saxon period enforced ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why did Normans have so many castles ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the forest Laws?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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