History Key Dates : Anglo-Saxon and Norman England, c1060-1088

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When did Edward the Confessor reign start and end?
1042- 1066 on the 5th of January
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When Edward the Confessor marry Godwin's daughter (Edith of Wessex)?
1045
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When was the Earl Godwin exiled for refusing to obey Edward the Confessor?
1050
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When did Edward potentially make a deal with William of Normandy about the succesion?
1050-1051.
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When did Godwin return to England with an army and when was he made Earl again.
1051
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When did Earl Godwin die and who took his place as earl of Wessex?
1053
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When did Tostig Godwinson (younger brother of Harold) become Earl of Northumbria?
1055
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When did Gyrth (younger brother (teen) of Harold) become the Earl of East Anglia?
1057
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When Leofwine (youngest sibiling of Harold) become the earl of a smaller earldom in south-west Midlands.
1057
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When did the Godwins defeat the Welsh king Llywelyn?
1065
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When was Harold's embassy to Normandy and why?
The early summer of 1064 (or possibly 1065), to retrieve hostages for the king and to potentially swear an oath to William in support for William's claim on the throne.
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When was there an uprising against Tostig? Give a reason why there was an uprising.
October 1065. Tostig taxed his people harshly.
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When was Tostig exiled? Why?
1st of November 1065. All the earls agreed that Tostig pushed Northumbria too far. Also for Harold's potential reason Tostig was rival for the throne.
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When did Edward the Confessor die?
5th of January 1066
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When was Harold Godwinson crowned Edward's succesor?
6th of January 1066
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When was the Southern fyrd disbanded?
8th of September 1066
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When did Harold learn of Hardrada and Tostig's invasion?
19th of September 1066
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When was the battle of Gate Fulford? Who was in it?
20th of September 1066. Edwin and Morcar vs Tostig and Hadrada
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When did Harold leave London?
20th of September 1066.
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When was the battle of Stamford Bridge? Who was in it?
25th of September 1066. Harold Godwinson vs Hadrada and Tostig
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When did William of Normandy land on the Pevensey Bay?
28th of September 1066
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When did Harold II learn about William's arrival?
1st of October of 1066
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When was the battle of Hastings? What is one of tatics that helped William win?
14th of October. Feigned Retreat.
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When was William crowned king?
25th of December of 1066
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When does William return to Normandy?
March 1067
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When was Bishop Odo made earl of kent? And who was Odo?
1067. Half-brother of William
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When was the revolt of Earls Edwin and Morcar? Name 2 causes of this event.
1068. The loss of lands(Odo and FitzOsbern's land grabs were repeated across the country and William allowed it) ,& Edwin's resentment as William promised Edwin that he could marry William's daughter but then went back on his word & reduced his lands
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When was the rebellions in the north? Who lead them? What was a cause?
In spring of 1069, 1st one was in February. It was led by a band of Northumbrians but then Aedgar took over. Cause= Taxes
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When was the Anglo-Danish attack on York? Who led it? How many Normans died? How did William win?
21st of September 1069. Edgar. 3,000 Normans. William I paid the Danes a lot of money to leave. Then he began the Harrying of the North.
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When was the harrying of the north? What was it? What was a consequence?
The winter of 1069-1070. A series of campaigns waged by William I to break the rebels in the North. Consequence= 60% of Yorkshire was classed as waste.
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When was Stigand replaced by Lanfranc as Archbishop of Canterbury? What was one thing Lanfrac did to reform the church?
1070. Monasteries were brought back, or new cathedrals, or private courts for clerys or priets to be tried in.
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When was the rebellion at Ely and who was an important figure in this? Why did the normans win?
In 1070 and Hereward the Wake (a previous thegn who was exiled under Edward's reign). The Normans bribed the monks of Ely to show them a safe passage to the cathedral and won, they captured Morcar during this rebellion.
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When was Edwin's lands forfeited?
1071.
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When was the revolt of the earls? Who led it? Why?
1075. Roger de Breteuil earl of Hereford (son of FitzObern), Ralph de Gael earl of east angelia (Ralph married Roger's sister), Waltheof earl of Northumbria (was anglo-saxon, Waltheof was a part of the rebellions in the North). Loss of power, revolts
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What was the events of the revolt of the earls?
Ralph's wedding feast Roger and Ralph told Waltheof of their plans he agreed to join them.Ralph anticipated supper from the anglo-saxons and danes, William was in Normandy at this time. The earls didn't get a lot of support.
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Card 2

Front

When Edward the Confessor marry Godwin's daughter (Edith of Wessex)?

Back

1045

Card 3

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When was the Earl Godwin exiled for refusing to obey Edward the Confessor?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When did Edward potentially make a deal with William of Normandy about the succesion?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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When did Godwin return to England with an army and when was he made Earl again.

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nothing on durham cathedral or any of the case studies

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