History ~ Important People throughout CAP

Henry VIII
Roman Catholic, 1509-47, King replaces Pope as head of church,Priests were now not allowed to marry
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Edward VI
Protestant ,1547- 53, church services were now in english
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Mary I
Catholic ,1553-58, church services now in latin again, Pope head of the church, Mary excited 283 people for being protestant
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Elizabeth I
Protestant 1553-1603, Queen Governor of the church, church service back to english, priests could now marry
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Robert Walpole
Wealthy, Helped smuggle in wine, later became prime minister
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**** Turpin
Highway man, 1706-1739, worked on Cambridge road, 1739 arrested for horse stealing and hanged in York
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JP's
Justices of the peace sometimes known as magistrates, There role was to maintain law and order day to day, command obedience through respect not force, they are unpaid ,they were chosen from local landowners,
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Parish Constables
These are unpaid people that were chosen for a post of a year continuity from the medieval period
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Town Watchmen
These are voluntary men, usually x-amy or old men looking for work
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Charlies
Act of council by King Charlies II in 1663 created a force of paid night watchmen nicknamed the Charlies , They had poor pay,
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Thomas de Veil
1729, he was appointed JP of Bow Street, became Chief Magistrate, he reduced the crime rate of London very successfully, he kick started the work of the fielding brothers
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Henry Fielding
1748 became Chief Magistrate, Set up a 6 law officers paid full time well trained force, no uniform yet but they were know as the bow street runners, started to keep records, started a magazine about crime
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John Fielding
1754 Henry died, John his half brother and blind took over his work, horse patrol set up to help with highway robbery, wanted signs were developed, newspaper The Public Hue and Cry now appeared weekly, 1800's known as police gazette network of info
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Patrick Colquhoun
He carried on with the brothers work. He extended the scheme to the whole of London, 1798 Thames police was established. 1800 68 "Runner" were patrolling. By 1829 London had 450 constables 4000 watchmen to police a population of 1.5 million
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Robert Peel
Established and set up the Metropolitan Police 1829, Parliament passed the act of Robert Peel's Met Police
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Charles Rowan and Richard Mayne
The 2 commissioners that had equal authority who ran the Met Police
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Captain Cook
Discovered Australia in 1772
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Sir Samuel Romilly
Campaigned to reform the criminal code
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John Howard
1726-90, High Sheriff of Bedfordshire, carried out a survey of prisons,these were published in The State of Prisons ''' (1777), wanted prisoners to be kept in solitary confinement.Want prison reform
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Sir George O Paul
1746-1820, led the prison reform movement in Gloucestershire, he wanted to design a new type of prison thats was polygon and had a wall 5 m high, he wanted separation of the prisoners for health, sexual and crime reasons. He wanted reform
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William Blackburn
Architect that was employed by Sir George to design a prison
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Elizabeth Fry
1780-1845, Devout Quaker, 1813 visited Newgate Prison, London, Horrified at conditions for the female prisoners
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Jack the Ripper
1888, He was believed to have murdered 5 women in and around Whitechapel, He was never caught, they believed he was either a doctor or someone very intelligent because the way he killed the bodies was very gruesome and ha specific inner parts missing
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Mary Ann Nichols
1st Ripper victim, found in Buck's Row on the 31st of August
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Annie Chapman
2nd Ripper victim, found in the back garden of 29th Hanbury Street on the 8th of September
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Elizabeth Stride
3rd Ripper victim, found in Berners Street on the 30th September
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Catherine Eddowes
4th Ripper victim, found in Mitre Square Aldgate also on the 30th of September
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Mary Jane Kelly
Last Ripper victim, found inside her house 13 Miller's Court, Dorset Street, Spitalfields on the 9th of November
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Protestant ,1547- 53, church services were now in english

Back

Edward VI

Card 3

Front

Catholic ,1553-58, church services now in latin again, Pope head of the church, Mary excited 283 people for being protestant

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Protestant 1553-1603, Queen Governor of the church, church service back to english, priests could now marry

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Wealthy, Helped smuggle in wine, later became prime minister

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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