History: Germany 1818-39

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  • Created by: Jmcallan
  • Created on: 20-11-15 11:48
What happened at the end of the First World War?
The kaiser abdicated
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What was set up at the end of the First World War?
A new government was set up, led by chancellor Ebert. The Weimar republic was created.
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What was the Treaty of Versailles?
L.A.M.B
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What is the L in Lamb?
Land: Germany lost 13% of its land. Alsace-Lorraine returned to France, West Prussia and Posen lost to Poland amongst others. This lost six million of its people. Germany also lost its overseas colonies.
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What is the A in Lamb?
Army: They weren't aloud to use air force. They were limited to 100,00 men. The navy were limited to 15,000. Only aloud 6 battle ships
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What is the M in Lamb?
Money: Treaty took away from Germany around 10% of its industry and 15% of its agricultural land. This impacted the Germans as they were doubtful whether Germany could afford this. They had to pay £6600 million back. Germany was bankrupt.
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What is the B in Lamb?
‘War Guilt Clause’ – Article 231 of the Treaty said that Germany was to blame for causing the War. Germany had to accept responsibility for starting WWI. All Germans feel angry about this.Blame:
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What was the Weimar constitution
This allowed everyone over 20 years to vote
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Why was the Weimar government weak?
The constitution shared out power. But this made the chancellors weak. They had to rely on coalitions of small parties to get a majority in the Reichstag.
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What happened when the French occupied the Ruhr?
When germany could not pay back its reparations they took raw materials, industrial machines and manufactured goods. The ruhr contained about 80% of Germany coal, iron and steel production and most of their factories.
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What were the economic problems?
The Weimar government was bankrupt. Germany's gold reserves had been spent on the war. The income was drained by reparation payments.
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What was hyperinflation?
Hyperinflation meant that Germany money became worthless. All prices of basic stuff became to expensive
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What were the political problems?
The new Weimar government was blamed for the Versailles and the economic problems.
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What was there a political unrest about?
There was a political unrest aver the Versailles and the economic problems led to frequent strikes and protests. There were 367 political murders between 1919 and 1922.
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What was the Spartacists?
A communist group. Which led a huge uprising in Berlin in 1919. They wanted workers' councils to run the country. The government ended the revolt violently, using Freikorps.
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What was the Kapp Putsch?
The Kapp Putsch led by Wolfgang Kapp, was a right-wing revolt to get the kaiser back into power. The revolt failed.
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What was the Dawes plan?
The dawes plan was aggred by Stressmann and Dawes, a US banker, reduced Germany's reparation payment sand arranged for he US banks to invest in German industry. It improved.
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What did the young plan do?
Further reduced reparations from £6.6 billion to £2 billion and gave Germany 59 year to pay them off.
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What was the Wall street crash?
Sales of german exports fell, causing bankrupsies, unemplyment rose from 1 million to 5 million byt 1932. This caused political unrest. Voters turned against the Weimar republic again.
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Card 2

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What was set up at the end of the First World War?

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A new government was set up, led by chancellor Ebert. The Weimar republic was created.

Card 3

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What was the Treaty of Versailles?

Back

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Card 4

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What is the L in Lamb?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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What is the A in Lamb?

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