History (British Empire) Chapter 3

  • Created by: Lowey16
  • Created on: 20-03-19 09:27
What economic system did Britain use in the first half of the 19th Century?
Protectionist
1 of 40
What was this replaced by?
Free Trade
2 of 40
If states didn't open up to British trade, what did Britain do?
Threaten, coercion and the Navy
3 of 40
Give an example where Britain imposed free trade by force.
China, Opium Wars
4 of 40
Which colonies did worst out of free trade?
Dependent Colonies
5 of 40
Between 1880 and 1914 what % of British overseas investment went to the Empire?
25%
6 of 40
Between 1887 and 1913 what % of total overseas investment went to Africa/India/Dominions?
6% / 10% / 22%
7 of 40
In the third quarter of the 19th Century what % of British imports came from their colonies?
20%
8 of 40
What % of British exports went to Empire during the same period?
1/3
9 of 40
What technological improvements were made which helped growth in trade?
Railways, steamships, underwater cables, telegraph lines
10 of 40
Why did the British government change its attitudes towards chartered companies in the 1870s?
Great Depression, challenges from Europe and America to economic dominance
11 of 40
In what year did the North Borneo Trading Company receive a charter?
1881
12 of 40
What goods did it trade in?
Coal, iron, copper, tobacco and coffee
13 of 40
Why else was Borneo important for the Empire?
Strategic site for Britain in the South China Sea, midpoint between India and Hong Kong
14 of 40
Who was the leader of the Royal Niger Company?
George Goldie
15 of 40
What was the main product of this company?
Palm Oil
16 of 40
When did it receive its charter?
1886
17 of 40
What was the name of the company which operated in East Africa?
Imperial British East Africa Company
18 of 40
Who was the leader of this company?
William McKinnon
19 of 40
When did it receive its charter?
1888
20 of 40
What was the name of the company in South Africa?
South Africa Company
21 of 40
Who was the leader?
Cecil Rhodes
22 of 40
In what did Rhodes make his money?
Diamonds
23 of 40
When did he receive a charter?
1888
24 of 40
What was the name of the company in India?
East India Company
25 of 40
What country in East Africa was taken due to pressure from the East Africa Company?
Uganda
26 of 40
When did Rhodes become prime minister of the Cape Colony?
1890
27 of 40
What three things were said to have made up infrastructure of British Colonial trade?
Shipping, railways, canals/rivers
28 of 40
What type of ship was initially used?
Clippers
29 of 40
What was the disadvantage of these ships?
Short life expectancy of 20 years
30 of 40
What ship was used for heavy goods?
Steamship
31 of 40
In what ways did trains help British imperial expansion?
Transport goods, troops
32 of 40
What canal was built in Canada in 1867?
Welland Canal
33 of 40
What were the products of trade and commerce?
Agriculture, mining and industry
34 of 40
What name was given to the Indians who worked in West Indies?
Coolies
35 of 40
Name a product that Britain exported from tropical Africa.
Sugar, coffee, cocoa, groundnuts, copra, palm oil
36 of 40
Name a product mined in Africa?
Diamonds, gold, copper
37 of 40
In what year was gold discovered in the Witwatersrand?
1886
38 of 40
In what other country was gold discovered in?
Australia, New Zealand
39 of 40
When was the Imperial Federation League formed?
1884
40 of 40

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was this replaced by?

Back

Free Trade

Card 3

Front

If states didn't open up to British trade, what did Britain do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give an example where Britain imposed free trade by force.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Which colonies did worst out of free trade?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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