HIS3N Historiography

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After WW2, the US and the USSR were "doomed to be antagonists."
E. May.
1 of 58
The Warsaw Pact was a "cardboard castle."
Crump.
2 of 58
"The atomic bomb threw Stalin back into neurotic solitude."
Pleshakov and Zubok.
3 of 58
Stalin's postwar goals were "security for himself, his regime, his country and his ideology" in that order.
Gaddis.
4 of 58
The Berlin Blockade "hardened Western attitudes."
H. Ward.
5 of 58
The Berlin Wall "silenced a subsequent international crisis" that could've "escalated into nuclear war."
F. Taylor.
6 of 58
The Berlin wall "symbolised Europe's division, at the heart of the Cold War."
Isaacs.
7 of 58
The USSR "could not hope to compete with the West in terms of high technology."
S. J. Lee.
8 of 58
"The more horrible the prospect of war, the less likely war is."
Mearsheimer.
9 of 58
"The major turning point came when Khrushchev first exposed Stalin's failures and cruelty in the secret speech."
Hornsby.
10 of 58
The Hungarian Uprising (1956) was an "unplanned leaderless explosion" that was the result of a "confluence of fatal errors."
Matthews.
11 of 58
Soviet expansion was designed to create a "security buffer."
Morgan.
12 of 58
The Marshall Plan: "the creation of strong economies in a stable Europe would underpin democracy."
Sewell.
13 of 58
Deployment of missiles to Cuba designed "to spread revolution throughout Latin America."
Gaddis.
14 of 58
Cuban missile crisis: "Fortunately, no black hole lured a the other end."
Gaddis.
15 of 58
"Detente itself showed the impress of the missile crisis."
Crockatt.
16 of 58
China's international revolutionary leadership was "largely of a rhetorical nature."
Spalding.
17 of 58
A "shared Sino-American interest had to do with the war in Vietnam."
Gaddis.
18 of 58
The Basic Principles "papered over cracks."
Gaddis.
19 of 58
SALT I "confirmed the Soviet Union's parity [and] reduced tension."
Mason.
20 of 58
Helsinki: "A legal and moral trap."
Gaddis.
21 of 58
Helsinki: The West "gained nothing more than vague promises of good behaviour" from the USSR.
Mason.
22 of 58
Detente "Never represented a weakening of support for national liberation movements."
Bowker and Williams.
23 of 58
"Detente was never amity, only the easing of tensions."
Sewell.
24 of 58
By the end of the 1970s, "the complexities and contradictions of detente had become explosive."
J. Fitzgerald.
25 of 58
Brezhnev's ill health made him an "object of pity and a target for black humour."
A. Nolan.
26 of 58
Ostpolitik: "did not end the Cold War" as its aim was "transformation by moving closer together."
M. Freund.
27 of 58
Soviet planners were "unable to keep up with the speed with which one innovation superseded another."
Goldman.
28 of 58
Gorbachev's reforms "prolonged the pain" of economic collapse.
Knight.
29 of 58
SDI: "a major distraction that undermined nuclear disarmament."
Podvig.
30 of 58
SDI "may have been the most effective" of the efforts to "promote internal reform" in the USSR.
Gaddis.
31 of 58
Thatcher thought the "revitalisation of the special relationship" would "strengthen British global power" and avoid the "entaglements of Europe."
Gardner.
32 of 58
The Soviet Gas Pipeline agreement was a "face saving retreat from the [US] sanctions policy."
Cromwell.
33 of 58
Glasnost: Liberalisation was "clearly not democratisation."
Bova.
34 of 58
The Cold War ended due to "Soviet economic failure."
S. Ball.
35 of 58
Soviet opposition to SDI: "the main stumbling block" to arms control.
Mason.
36 of 58
Geneva 1985: "a watershed" considered a "success by both sides."
McCauley.
37 of 58
"The Cold War came to an end because it was impossible for two powers to divide and rule the world."
McCauley.
38 of 58
1989 Revolutions: "ideology, mistrust, historical analogies... were replaced by cooperation between Western and Soviet leaders."
Sewell.
39 of 58
The West "misunderstood the nature and origins" of the crisis in Yugoslavia.
Woodward.
40 of 58
Saddam was a "new bogeyman" in the international arena.
Finlan.
41 of 58
UN behaved in a "timid and bumbling manner" re the Gulf War.
Springborg.
42 of 58
In 2001, "more Americans died of peptic ulcers than terrorism."
Biddle and Feaver.
43 of 58
Iraq was a "war of choice" not a "war of necessity."
Haass.
44 of 58
UN responses in the Cold War "lacked clear objectives."
O'Neill and Rees.
45 of 58
Bush's "masterful orchestration" of the Gulf War "showed his political skill."
Kuroda.
46 of 58
"Terror was a tactic, not an enemy."
Bacevich.
47 of 58
NATO enlargement was "exclusively political."
Dunay.
48 of 58
EU expansion made it "more difficult to harmonise policies."
Mason.
49 of 58
EU enlargement: "ushered in a wider reconfiguration of the European order."
D. Stone.
50 of 58
NATO enlargement: the West "betrayed the idea of partnership with Moscow."
J. Simon.
51 of 58
9/11: the US sought to "keep the UN at arms length."
O'Neill and Rees.
52 of 58
Rwanda: UN failed to "make a distinction between civil war and genocide."
Khan.
53 of 58
UN failure in the Gulf War was "tragic and far reaching."
Falk.
54 of 58
The war in Korea "transformed West Germany's prospects" because the US feared the USSR would use force to reunify Germany.
William Glenn Gray
55 of 58
"The power vacuum created in Europe by the... surrender of the German reich can be viewed as the most important cause of Soviet-American antagonism after 1945."
D. Junker.
56 of 58
"The legacy of the third reich was the raison d'etre for inclusion of Germany within European and transatlantic organisations."
D. Junker.
57 of 58
USSR "more intent upon unifying Germany on favourable terms" than allowing separate East German presence in international affairs.
William Glenn Gray.
58 of 58

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Crump.

Back

The Warsaw Pact was a "cardboard castle."

Card 3

Front

Pleshakov and Zubok.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Gaddis.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

H. Ward.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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