Henry VII - Consolidation of Power

When was the Battle of Bosworth?
22nd Aug. 1485
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When was the Lovell Rebellion?
Easter 1486
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Name three ways that Henry VII established his right to the throne.
Nobility made to swear loyalty (couldn't be broken), coronation happend before marriag eto Elizabeth of York + first parliament; neither could've made him King
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What was patronage?
Giving positions of power, land, etc.
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How did Henry change the use of patronage from previous Kings?
Given AS A RESULT OF good service, not in the hope of it
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Who did Henry give patronage to first after he became King?
Those who supported him @ Bosworth; e.g Jasper Tudor made Duke of Bedford
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What was the Order of the Garter?
An honour rserved for Henry's closest servants
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Why was the Order of the Garter an effective way for Henry to control the nobles?
Gave recipients prestige but no power
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How many men were created Knights of the Garter during Henry's reign?
37
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Why was appointment to the King's Council a way for Henry to control the nobility?
A position as a Councillor was sign of the King's confidence in the appointee
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Who became the Keeper of the Privy Seal in 1487, and would keep the position until 1516?
Richard Fox
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Why was the Great Council an effective way to control the nobility?
If nobles were part of the Council, they were almost guranteed to support Henry in any controversial policies
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How many times did the Great Council meet between 1485-1496?
5
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What were Acts of Attainder?
Acts of Parliament thar registered a person's treason, resulting in confiscation of land + economic ruin
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What could lead to an Act of Attainder being reversed?
Good behaviour
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How many acts of attainder did Henry pass during his reign?
138
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How many of these Acts of Attainder did Henry reverse?
46
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What are bonds?
Written agreements where people had to pay a sum of money if a promise was broken.
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What are recognisances?
Formal acknowlegment of pre-existing debt/obligation, w/ money paid if this wasn't met.
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What were feudal dues?
Traditional rights held by the Crown to demand money, based on King's role as sole landowner.
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When was a relief payment made?
By an heir when he recieved his inheritance.
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What did wardship payments entail?
Control of estates for heirs under adult age - King could manage for own profit.
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What did a marriage payment entail?
The King's right to arrage marriage of daughters of tenants at a profit.
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What were livery payments?
Paid when a ward reached adulthood and took control of his lands.
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What was retaining?
Nobles recruiting members of the gentry into their service.
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What step did Henry take in 1485 to limit retaining?
Made the Lords and Commons swear that they wouldn't retain illegally.
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What did the 1504 Act make neccesary for retaining?
A licence direct from the King
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Name the 1486 Act that recovered all Crown properties granted away since 1455.
Act of Resumption
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Who did Henry VII use to utilize harder-to-control local govt?
Justices of the Peace (JP's) - appointed from local landowners
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What act created a court that prosecuted those rebelling/acting lawlessly, headed by members of the Royal Council?
Star Chamber Act, 1487
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What were the claims of the two de la Pole brothers to the throne?
Edmund and John; nephews of Richard III
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Who was Lambert Simnel?
Young boy from Oxford who tried to impersonate Edward VI
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Name the two people who orchestrated the Lambert Simnel affair.
Richard Symonds and John de la Pole
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Which foreign royal supported Simnel and why?
Margaret of Burgundy; wanted to dethrone Henry after usurpation of brother Richard III
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When did Simnel set sail for Ireland?
April 1487
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When did Henry's troops defeat Simnel @ Battle of Stoke?
16th June 1487
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Who was Perkin Warbeck?
Clothier model, orig. from Netherlands
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Which foreign royal tutored Warbeck in the ways of the Yorkist court?
Margaret of Burgundy
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Which royal monarch welcomed Warbeck to court, after which Warbeck promised him kingship if he died?
Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian
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What year did Warbeck secure his backing?
1494
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What year did Warbeck fail to land in Deal?
1495
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When was Warbeck's first attempt to invade England?
1495
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When was Warbeck's second invasion of England, backed by the Scottish army?
1496
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When was Warbeck's third attempted invasion of England?
1497
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Who drove Warbeck out of Ireland?
Sir Edward Poynings
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Which rebellion did Warbeck try to hijack in 1497?
Cornish Rebellion, but was arrested.
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How was Henry's position made MORE secure by the Perkin Warbeck events?
Treaties of Ayton + Etaples signed w/ Scotland + France
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How was Henry's position made LESS secure by the Perkin Warbeck events?
Prev. supporter William Stanley uncovered as traitor
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When was the Lovell Rebellion?

Back

Easter 1486

Card 3

Front

Name three ways that Henry VII established his right to the throne.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was patronage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did Henry change the use of patronage from previous Kings?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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Comments

SaskiaJ

The Great Council is not the same as the council - it is a meeting of the House of Lords and the King. (I think)

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