Help from the West 1174-1204

  • Created by: Emilia1
  • Created on: 30-05-17 15:46
When did Count Phillip of Flanders arrive in Acre and what two campaigns did he participate in which failed?
September 1177, the planned attack on Egypt with the Greeks broke down and he failed to capture Hama and Harim with Raymond of Tripoli
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Who was Sibylla supposed to marry in Spring 1180?
The nephew of the King of France but he failed to set off to the Holy Land
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When did Pope Alexander III issue appeals for a crusade to Henry II of England and Phillip of France?
The Appeal of 1181
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What sparked the Appeal of 1181 and why was it left unanswered?
It was sparked by Manuel's death (1180) the defeat at Jacob's Ford (1179) and the lack of leadership (Baldwin's leprosy), Henry was a close male relative of Baldwin and his sons were allying with Phillip
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How did the Franks drive off Saladin's Egyptian fleet which were blockading Beirut in July 1182?
By a joint Frankish and Pisan fleet
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Why did Philip of France turn down the keys to Jerusalem in January 1185?
He wanted to secure his position on the throne of France
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What did King Henry II of England do in February 1185 to help the Holy Land?
He levied a huge tax to support the Levant
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What provoked another appeal to the West in May 1187?
The massacre of the military orders at the Springs of Cresson
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How did Conrad bolster defences in Tyre in July 1187?
He had support from the military orders and the PIsan and Genoese fleets
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When does King William of Sicily arrive in Tyre to support Conrad?
1188
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When does Frederick Barbarossa set out from Germany?
Summer 1189
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What arrives at Acre in September 1189 from the West?
50 ships carrying 12,000 Frisian and Danish Crusaders and horses
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When did Frederick of Swabia join the siege of Acre?
June 1190
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When did Richard of England and Phillip of France set out to the Holy Land?
July 1190
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What preparations had Richard of England put in place before leaving for the Holy Land?
He channelled resources to the crusade since 1189 hiring 100 ships and paying for their crew, equipment, food and horses
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How did Phillip plan to get to the Holy Land?
To use a Genoese fleet
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What had Richard planned in October 1191 that was never put into action?
He asked the Genoese fleet to support a campaign in Egypt in Summer 1192
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Who formed closer commercial links with Venice and Pisa?
al-Adil
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Who made Bohemond of Tripoli return Antioch to his father Bohemond III of Antioch in 1197?
The Pope
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What help did the West provide in September 1197?
Emperor Henry VI led a crusade and captured Beirut and Sidon before he died and the crusade returned home
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When does Pope Innocent III proclaim the Fourth crusade?
August 1198
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When did Pope Gregory VII issue Audita Tremendi?
October 1187
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When did Thibault Count of Champagne hold a tournament to promote the Fourth Crusade?
November 1199
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When was the Treaty of Venice signed and what did he mean?
February 1201 in which Venice agreed to supply the crusade with a years provision and sufficient vessels for 33,000 crusaders in return for 85,000 marks, they also agreed to send 50 war galleys at no extra cost provided they receive half of the boot
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When does Venice suspend commercial activity to construct the vessels needed for the Fourth crusade?
May 1201-1202
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What deal did the Venetians offer the Crusaders when they could not pay the debt they owed in September 1202?
The Crusaders would have to help them retake Zara from King Emeric of Hungary
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What happens in September 1202 that means the Doge of Venice, Enrico Dandolo controls 2/3 of the crusading army?
He takes the cross along with thousands of Venetians
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What did the Venetians get from the Fourth Crusade?
900,000 silver marks of plunder, the hinterland of Constantinople, the Adriatic coast of Greece and almost all of the productive islands of the Aegean sea. Crete became a Venetian colony
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What happened to the number of Knights going to the Holy land once the Crusaders had taken Constantinople?
Many went to Romania instead and even Lords and Knights already in the Holy Land left for Romamia
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who was Sibylla supposed to marry in Spring 1180?

Back

The nephew of the King of France but he failed to set off to the Holy Land

Card 3

Front

When did Pope Alexander III issue appeals for a crusade to Henry II of England and Phillip of France?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What sparked the Appeal of 1181 and why was it left unanswered?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How did the Franks drive off Saladin's Egyptian fleet which were blockading Beirut in July 1182?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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