Healthy Living - Theories of Health


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1. What did James show in his 1965 observation/self-report?

  • Internal locus of control = more likely to quit smoking
  • Internal locus of control = more likely to adhere
  • Internal locus of control = more likely to smoke with others
  • Internal locus of control = have less heart attacks
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2. How many participants did Becker use?

  • 111 mothers
  • 100 women
  • 50 male smokers
  • 35 men with CHD

3. What positive correlations did Becker show?

  • Between amount of medication and adherence
  • Between seriousness/impact and adherence
  • Between susceptibility/seriousness and adherence
  • Between seriousness and susceptibility

4. What did Rotter conclude about Locus of Control?

  • Better to have external than internal
  • Those with internal, and so have control, show healthier behaviour
  • Those with external have control over situations
  • It is a bad theory

5. What type was Becker's 1978 health study?

  • Experiment
  • Review
  • Correlation
  • Observation

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