health is general

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  • Created by: patricia
  • Created on: 22-02-14 16:53
Define the WHO definition of "Health"
Is astate of complete physical, mental,social well-being and not merely the absence of diease or infirmity
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Define illness
Period of sickness affecting the body and mind, physical, pyschological sensations
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Define disease
Set of symptoms that will define a problem
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Define Disorder
A malfunction to anatomy
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Define Infectious disease
Invasion of bacteria in tissue caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as bacteria, viruse, parasite or fungi.Disease can be transmitted only by a specific type of contact
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Give an example of an infectious disease and explain
Cholera- caused by contaminated water
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Give another example of an infectious disease
HIV- unprotected disease
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Give another example of an infectious disease
Malaria- Mosquito bites
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Give another example of an infectious disease
Tuberculosis- Mycobacterium invading the lungs- spread by airborne droplets
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Define deficiency disorder
a disease caused by the lack of an element in the diet,usually particular mineral or vitamen
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Name four examples of deficiency disorders and describe it
Rickets,Scurvy, Night blindness, Anemia, Caliac's disease
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describe scurvy
lack vitamen c that is needed to make collagen
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describe Rickets
lack of vitamen D & calcium - sunlight and oily fish
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describe night blindness
poor vision in dim light and at night- because of cataracts, nearsightedness and lack of vitamen a
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describe Anemia
number of healthy red blood cell is low - low oxygen to tissues and organs-- dietary iron ,B12 ,and folate/folic acid
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describe coeliac's disease
adverse reaction to gluten- autoimmune condition-immune system attacks healthy tissues body's immune system mistakes substances found inside gluten as a threat so the body attacks it
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Define mental disorder
A psychological disorder of thoughts or emotions
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Name two examples of mental disorders
Eating disorders and mood disorders
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Describe eating disorders
extreme emotions ,attitudes and behaviours involving weight and food- Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia nervosa
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Describe mood disorders
persistent feelings of happiness and sadness and fluctuations from extreme sadness to extreme happiness- depression, mania, bipolar disease
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Define Degenerative disease
A function or structure of a tissue or organ increasingly deteriorates throughout time
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Name three examples of degenerative diseases
Alzheimer's disease, Dementia, Huntington's disease
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Describe Alzheimer's disease
parts of the brain wast away (atrophy) and cause irreversible damages to the brain and how it works caused by age and family history
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Describe Dementia
Ongoing decline of the brain and it's abilities. People over 65 get it- caused by damage brain cells
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Desribe Huntingtons disease
Is an inherited disease of the brain that damages certain brain cells caused by faulty gene throughout the family
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Card 2


Define illness


Period of sickness affecting the body and mind, physical, pyschological sensations

Card 3


Define disease


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Card 4


Define Disorder


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Card 5


Define Infectious disease


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